Toward a chemical reanalysis in a coupled chemistry-climate model: An evaluation of MOPITT CO assimilation and its impact on tropospheric composition

B. Gaubert, Avelino F Arellano, J. Barré, H. M. Worden, L. K. Emmons, S. Tilmes, R. R. Buchholz, F. Vitt, K. Raeder, N. Collins, J. L. Anderson, C. Wiedinmyer, S. Martinez Alonso, D. P. Edwards, M. O. Andreae, J. W. Hannigan, C. Petri, K. Strong, N. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examine in detail a 1 year global reanalysis of carbon monoxide (CO) that is based on joint assimilation of conventional meteorological observations and Measurement of Pollution in The Troposphere (MOPITT) multispectral CO retrievals in the Community Earth System Model (CESM). Our focus is to assess the impact to the chemical system when CO distribution is constrained in a coupled full chemistry-climate model like CESM. To do this, we first evaluate the joint reanalysis (MOPITT Reanalysis) against four sets of independent observations and compare its performance against a reanalysis with no MOPITT assimilation (Control Run). We then investigate the CO burden and chemical response with the aid of tagged sectoral CO tracers. We estimate the total tropospheric CO burden in 2002 (from ensemble mean and spread) to be 371 ± 12% Tg for MOPITT Reanalysis and 291 ± 9% Tg for Control Run. Our multispecies analysis of this difference suggests that (a) direct emissions of CO and hydrocarbons are too low in the inventory used in this study and (b) chemical oxidation, transport, and deposition processes are not accurately and consistently represented in the model. Increases in CO led to net reduction of OH and subsequent longer lifetime of CH4 (Control Run: 8.7 years versus MOPITT Reanalysis: 9.3 years). Yet at the same time, this increase led to 5–10% enhancement of Northern Hemisphere O3 and overall photochemical activity via HOx recycling. Such nonlinear effects further complicate the attribution to uncertainties in direct emissions alone. This has implications to chemistry-climate modeling and inversion studies of longer-lived species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7310-7343
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Volume121
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 27 2016

Fingerprint

MOPITT
Climate models
Troposphere
carbon monoxide
climate models
assimilation
Carbon Monoxide
troposphere
pollution
climate modeling
chemistry
Pollution
evaluation
Chemical analysis
Earth (planet)
chemical
Northern Hemisphere
Hydrocarbons
recycling
meteorological data

Keywords

  • chemistry-climate modeling
  • data assimilation
  • satellite observations
  • tropospheric composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Ecology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Toward a chemical reanalysis in a coupled chemistry-climate model : An evaluation of MOPITT CO assimilation and its impact on tropospheric composition. / Gaubert, B.; Arellano, Avelino F; Barré, J.; Worden, H. M.; Emmons, L. K.; Tilmes, S.; Buchholz, R. R.; Vitt, F.; Raeder, K.; Collins, N.; Anderson, J. L.; Wiedinmyer, C.; Martinez Alonso, S.; Edwards, D. P.; Andreae, M. O.; Hannigan, J. W.; Petri, C.; Strong, K.; Jones, N.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 121, No. 12, 27.06.2016, p. 7310-7343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gaubert, B, Arellano, AF, Barré, J, Worden, HM, Emmons, LK, Tilmes, S, Buchholz, RR, Vitt, F, Raeder, K, Collins, N, Anderson, JL, Wiedinmyer, C, Martinez Alonso, S, Edwards, DP, Andreae, MO, Hannigan, JW, Petri, C, Strong, K & Jones, N 2016, 'Toward a chemical reanalysis in a coupled chemistry-climate model: An evaluation of MOPITT CO assimilation and its impact on tropospheric composition', Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 121, no. 12, pp. 7310-7343. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD024863
Gaubert, B. ; Arellano, Avelino F ; Barré, J. ; Worden, H. M. ; Emmons, L. K. ; Tilmes, S. ; Buchholz, R. R. ; Vitt, F. ; Raeder, K. ; Collins, N. ; Anderson, J. L. ; Wiedinmyer, C. ; Martinez Alonso, S. ; Edwards, D. P. ; Andreae, M. O. ; Hannigan, J. W. ; Petri, C. ; Strong, K. ; Jones, N. / Toward a chemical reanalysis in a coupled chemistry-climate model : An evaluation of MOPITT CO assimilation and its impact on tropospheric composition. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 2016 ; Vol. 121, No. 12. pp. 7310-7343.
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AU - Barré, J.

AU - Worden, H. M.

AU - Emmons, L. K.

AU - Tilmes, S.

AU - Buchholz, R. R.

AU - Vitt, F.

AU - Raeder, K.

AU - Collins, N.

AU - Anderson, J. L.

AU - Wiedinmyer, C.

AU - Martinez Alonso, S.

AU - Edwards, D. P.

AU - Andreae, M. O.

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