Toward development of improved QPE in complex terrain using cloud-to-ground lightning data: A case study for the 2005 Monsoon in Southern Arizona

Carlos Manuel Minjarez-Sosa, Christopher L. Castro, Kenneth L. Cummins, E. Philip Krider, Julio Waissmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

a study area in southwest Arizona and northwest Mexico. Using seasonal-to-daily and hourly time resolution, the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) stage IV precipitation product and the U.S. National Lightning Detection Network lightning data have been analyzed with the aim of developing an improved understanding of the relationship between these variables. A Gaussian method of spatially smoothing discrete lightning counts is used to estimate convective rainfall and improve the quality and spatial coverage of radar-derived precipitation in areas of complex terrain. For testing the dependence of the relationship betweenCGlightning and precipitation, a precipitation "sensor coverage" analysis has been performed. If locations that have poor sensor coverage are excluded, R2 between lightning and precipitation improves by up to 15%. A complementary way to estimate convective precipitation is proposed based on 1-h lightning occurrence intervals, which is the maximumtime resolution in this study.Wefind that ̃67% of the seasonal 2005 precipitation over the analysis domain is associated with CG lightning. Daily precipitation estimates are improved by specifying a "diurnal day" based on the diurnal maxima and minima in precipitation and CG lightning within the domain. Our method for improving quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE) using lightning is able to track and estimate convective precipitation over regions that have poor sensor coverage, particularly in both air mass storms and large multicellular events, with R2 up to 70%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1855-1873
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Hydrometeorology
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Complex terrain
  • Convective storms
  • Hydrometeorologyl
  • North America
  • Regression analysis
  • Remote sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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