This study, examines the toxicity (as measured by reduced intracellular K+ and metabolism (defluorination) of halothane and enflurane in rat hepatocytes in suspension (RHS) with regards to O2 tension, time, and concentration. In 95% O2 halothane is more toxic than enflurane when RHS are exposed to 5-20 μ1 of these anesthetics. At these levels halothane is not metabolized while enflurane is metabolized. At 21% O2 a similar pattern was seen with regards to toxicity. However, metabolism of halothane rapidly reached an elevated level while that of enflurane is reduced when compared to 95% O2. Thus toxicity of halothane and enflurane at these dose levels appears to be unrelated to metabolism and due solely to a solvent effect.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Chemical Health and Safety