Tracing the mass during low-mass star formation. II. Modeling the submillimeter emission from preprotostellar cores

Neal J. Evans, Jonathan M.C. Rawlings, Yancy L. Shirley, Lee G. Mundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

271 Scopus citations


We have modeled the emission from dust in preprotostellar cores, including a self-consistent calculation of the temperature distribution for each input density distribution. Model density distributions include Bonnor-Ebert spheres and power laws. The Bonnor-Ebert spheres fit the data well for all three cores that we have modeled. The dust temperatures decline to very low values (Td ∼ 7 K) in the centers of these cores, strongly affecting the dust emission. Compared to earlier models that assume constant dust temperatures, our models indicate higher central densities and smaller regions of relatively constant density. Indeed, for L1544, a power-law density distribution, similar to that of a singular, isothermal sphere, cannot be ruled out. For the three sources modeled herein, there seems to be a sequence of increasing central condensation, from L1512 to L1689B to L1544. The two denser cores, L1689B and L1544, have spectroscopic evidence for contraction, suggesting an evolutionary sequence for preprotostellar cores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-208
Number of pages16
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 PART 1
StatePublished - Aug 10 2001
Externally publishedYes



  • Dust, extinction
  • ISM: clouds
  • ISM: individual (L1512, L1544, L1689B)
  • Stars: formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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