Tracing the origins of the solar system

M. Blanc, D. Moura, Y. Alibert, N. André, S. K. Atreya, I. Baraffe, M. Barthelemy, A. Barucci, R. Beebe, W. Benz, B. Bézard, D. Bockelée-Morvan, S. J. Bolton, R. H. Brown, G. Chanteur, L. Colangeli, A. Coradini, A. Doressoundiram, M. Dougherty, P. DrossartM. Festou, E. Flamini, M. Fulchignoni, M. Galand, D. Gautier, T. Gombosi, E. Gruen, T. Guillot, R. Kallenbach, S. Kempf, T. Krimigis, N. Krupp, W. Kurth, P. Lamy, Y. Langevin, J. P. Lebreton, A. Leger, P. Louarn, J. Lunine, D. Matson, A. Morbidelli, T. Owen, R. Frangé, F. Raulin, C. Sotin, R. Srama, D. F. Strobel, N. Thomas, H. Waite, O. Witasse, P. Zarka, J. Zarnecki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

All contemporary objects of our Solar System emerged from a solar nebula which existed 4.5 billion years ago, and whose dynamical and thermo-chemical evolution led to the condensation of solids, then to the emergence of different types of planetesimals, and finally to the accretion of solid cores and to the formation of our planets. Space exploration makes it possible today to visit the different classes of solar system objects and retrieve key information which can help us to trace back the evolutionary path of the solar system, from its origins in the Solar Nebula to its present configuration and the likely development of habitats in planetary objects. We propose three un-ordered priorities for the space programme in this perspective: 1 - access to remaining pristine material in the solar system (interplanetary dust and small bodies); 2 - in-depth exploration of the systems of giant planets; 3 - in-situ analysis of some of the physical mechanisms relevant to planetary formation in the contemporary rings and plasma environments of giant planets. This research subject, which strongly connects our solar system and its objects to exoplanets and other planetary systems, is a very promising contribution to the progressive build-up of a synthetic view of their formation and evolution scenarios. It is a central element in the build-up of a "Cosmic Vision" of our own solar system. We show how the major scientific questions related to this broad theme can be translated into specific mission targets and measurement objectives, and grouped into a "short list" of key space missions. This short list forms an ideal basis to elaborate a multi-decadal endeavour to explore the outer solar system. Most of these missions, while addressing the specific question of solar system origin, also are of major interest for comparative planetology and exo-astrobiology. While a few can be implemented in a purely European context, most of these missions can be accomplished only in the framework of a strong international collaboration. In the spirit of the successful Cassini-Huygens mission, we trust that ESA will take advantage of the Cosmic Vision programme to develop with its international partners a long-term vision of the search for solar system origins, from the Solar Nebula to the emergence of potential habitats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 39th ESLAB Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationTrends in Space Science and Cosmic Vision 2020
PublisherEuropean Space Agency
Pages213-224
Number of pages12
Edition588
ISBN (Print)9290928999, 9789290928997
StatePublished - 2005
Event39th ESLAB Symposium: Trends in Space Science and Cosmic Vision 2020 - Noordwijk, Netherlands
Duration: Apr 19 2005Apr 21 2005

Publication series

NameEuropean Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP
Number588
ISSN (Print)0379-6566

Other

Other39th ESLAB Symposium: Trends in Space Science and Cosmic Vision 2020
CountryNetherlands
CityNoordwijk
Period4/19/054/21/05

Keywords

  • Planetary Formation
  • Planets
  • Solar System
  • Space Missions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

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