Tracking the carbon footprint of paleolithic societies in Mediterranean ecosystems

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

There can be no question that the rise of agricultural economies some 10,000 years ago redefined humans' relationship with nature. Such economies greatly amplified the potential of human cultural behavior to reshape ecosystems. Yet the earliest demonstrable impacts of humans on animal and plant communities - and on the nature and resilience of coupled human and natural systems - are traceable to Upper Paleolithic hunter-gatherers some 45,000 years ago or earlier (Tchernov 1992b) (Fig. 1). Sometime during the late Pleistocene epoch, more or less concomitant with the spread of anatomically modern Homo sapiens beyond Africa and the Levant, we see the evolution of novel technological and social mechanisms for buffering or redistributing environmental risk. These developments have resulted in permanent changes in human demographic potentials and the carrying capacities of a wide variety of habitats throughout Eurasia. Even quite early in this period, there is evidence that human foragers affected the relative abundance of prey species and biotic community composition more generally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHuman Ecology: Contemporary Research and Practice
PublisherSpringer US
Pages109-125
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9781441957009
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

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cultural behavior
society
resilience
community
habitat
animal
agriculture
economy
evidence
Ecosystem
Palaeolithic
Carbon
Economy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Tracking the carbon footprint of paleolithic societies in Mediterranean ecosystems. / Stiner, Mary C; Kuhn, Steven L.

Human Ecology: Contemporary Research and Practice. Springer US, 2010. p. 109-125.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Stiner, Mary C ; Kuhn, Steven L. / Tracking the carbon footprint of paleolithic societies in Mediterranean ecosystems. Human Ecology: Contemporary Research and Practice. Springer US, 2010. pp. 109-125
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