Transcription of the TCR-β locus initiates in adult murine bone marrow

R. S. Soloff, T. G. Wang, Lonnie Lybarger, D. Dempsey, R. Chervenak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Successful expression of the TCR β-chain gene is a multistep process that involves: 1) initial transcription of multiple, unrearranged gene segments, 2) rearrangement of V, D, and J gene segments to form a complete β-chain gene, and 3) transcription of the fully rearranged β gene. All of these events have been shown to occur in the thymus, where the majority of T cell development takes place; however, the extent to which any of these events may occur prethymically has not been established. To examine prethymic TCR-β gene expression, RNA was isolated from a precursor T cell-enriched population (Thy 1(low) CD3-) of C58/J mouse bone marrow, and analyzed by reverse transcriptase-PCR. A transcript containing TCR-β constant (C) region sequences but not variable (V) region sequences was amplified, suggesting that an unrearranged TCR-β gene locus is transcriptionally active in this bone marrow population. The same product was detected in Thy 1+ CD3- bone marrow cells from nude mice, indicating that the thymic microenvironment is not necessary for initiation of TCR-β gene transcription. This Cβ transcript is not confined to pre-B cells, as it was identified in RNA isolated from Thy 1(low) CD3- B220- bone marrow cells. Germline Vβ transcripts were also detected in RNA from this bone marrow population. Furthermore, Sca-1+ Lin- and Sca-1+ Lin+ bone marrow populations from both C58/J mice and nude mice also expressed the Cβ transcript. DNA-PCR analyses with Dββ-Jβ primer sets revealed that partial rearrangement of the β locus had occurred in all bone marrow populations analyzed. These data suggest that both transcription and partial rearrangement of the TCR-β locus can initiate in bone marrow cells of adult mice, before exposure of these cells to the thymus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3888-3901
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume154
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bone Marrow
Genes
Bone Marrow Cells
Population
RNA
Nude Mice
Thymus Gland
T-Lymphoid Precursor Cells
B-Lymphoid Precursor Cells
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
T-Lymphocytes
Gene Expression
Polymerase Chain Reaction
DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Soloff, R. S., Wang, T. G., Lybarger, L., Dempsey, D., & Chervenak, R. (1995). Transcription of the TCR-β locus initiates in adult murine bone marrow. Journal of Immunology, 154(8), 3888-3901.

Transcription of the TCR-β locus initiates in adult murine bone marrow. / Soloff, R. S.; Wang, T. G.; Lybarger, Lonnie; Dempsey, D.; Chervenak, R.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 154, No. 8, 1995, p. 3888-3901.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soloff, RS, Wang, TG, Lybarger, L, Dempsey, D & Chervenak, R 1995, 'Transcription of the TCR-β locus initiates in adult murine bone marrow', Journal of Immunology, vol. 154, no. 8, pp. 3888-3901.
Soloff RS, Wang TG, Lybarger L, Dempsey D, Chervenak R. Transcription of the TCR-β locus initiates in adult murine bone marrow. Journal of Immunology. 1995;154(8):3888-3901.
Soloff, R. S. ; Wang, T. G. ; Lybarger, Lonnie ; Dempsey, D. ; Chervenak, R. / Transcription of the TCR-β locus initiates in adult murine bone marrow. In: Journal of Immunology. 1995 ; Vol. 154, No. 8. pp. 3888-3901.
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