Transient induction of a subset of ethylene biosynthesis genes is potentially involved in regulation of grapevine bud dormancy release

Zhaowan Shi, Tamar Halaly-Basha, Chuanlin Zheng, Mira Weissberg, Ron Ophir, David W Galbraith, Xuequn Pang, Etti Or

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Key message: Transient increases in ethylene biosynthesis, achieved by tight regulation of transcription of specific ACC oxidase and ACC synthase genes, play a role in activation of grapevine bud dormancy release. Abstract: The molecular mechanisms regulating dormancy release in grapevine buds are as yet unclear. It has been hypothesized that its core involves perturbation of respiration which induces an interplay between ethylene and ABA metabolism that removes repression and allows regrowth. Roles for hypoxia and ABA metabolism in this process have been previously supported. The potential involvement of ethylene biosynthesis in regulation of dormancy release, which has received little attention so far, is now explored. Our results indicate that (1) ethylene biosynthesis is induced by hydrogen cyanamide (HC) and azide (AZ), known artificial stimuli of dormancy release, (2) inhibitors of ethylene biosynthesis and signalling antagonize dormancy release by HC/AZ treatments, (3) ethylene application induces dormancy release, (4) there are two sets of bud-expressed ethylene biosynthesis genes which are differentially regulated, (5) only one set is transiently upregulated by HC/AZ and during the natural dormancy cycle, concomitant with changes in ethylene levels, and (6) levels of ACC oxidase transcripts and ethylene sharply decrease during natural dormancy release, whereas ACC accumulates. Given these results, we propose that transient increases in ethylene biosynthesis prior to dormancy release, achieved primarily by regulation of transcription of specific ACC oxidase genes, play a role in activation of dormancy release.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPlant Molecular Biology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • ACC oxidase (ACO)
  • ACC synthase (ACS)
  • Bud
  • Dormancy
  • Ethylene
  • Grapevine
  • Vitis vinifera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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