Transient optical gain and carrier dynamics in Ge/SiGe quantum wells

Niko S. Köster, Christoph Lange, Sangam Chatterjee, Hans Sigg, Daniel Chrastina, Giovanni Isella, Hans Von Känel, Martin Schäfer, MacKillo Kira, Stephan W. Koch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


We perform ultrafast pump-probe experiments on a 50 period Ge/SiGe multiple-quantum-well structure held at room temperature. Tunable 80 fs pulses emitted by an opto-parametric amplifier are used as a pump and a white-light supercontinuum generated directly from a 1 kHz Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier system is used as a probe. The resulting spectro-temporal response shows three distinct temporal regimes. Coherent oscillations dominate at negative times yielding a well-defined time zero across the whole detected spectral range. Dynamics are observed within the direct conduction band valley during and shortly after the excitation while the electrons are also scattered towards the indirect minima. After several hundreds of fs to a few ps almost all electrons populate the L-valley states. These carriers decay out of the L-valleys on a timescale longer than several ns. During the first ps, carrier inversion is obtained for strong enough pumping due to faster intra-valley than intervalley scattering. The obtained gain values are similar in magnitude to those observed in typical III-V compound semiconductors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationUltrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials XIV
StatePublished - May 3 2010
EventUltrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials XIV - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 24 2010Jan 27 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherUltrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials XIV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA


  • Gain
  • Pump-probe
  • Quantum wells
  • SiGe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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