Translating principles of neural plasticity into research on speech motor control recovery and rehabilitation

Christy L. Ludlow, Jeannette Dee Hoit, Raymond Kent, Lorraine O. Ramig, Rahul Shrivastav, Edythe Strand, Kathryn Yorkston, Christine M. Sapienza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To review the principles of neural plasticity and make recommendations for research on the neural bases for rehabilitation of neurogenic speech disorders. Method: A working group in speech motor control and disorders developed this report, which examines the potential relevance of basic research on the brain mechanisms involved in neural plasticity and discusses possible similarities and differences for application to speech motor control disorders. The possible involvement of neural plasticity in changes in speech production in normalcy, development, aging, and neurological diseases and disorders was considered. This report focuses on the appropriate use of functional and structural neuroimaging and the design of feasibility studies aimed at understanding how brain mechanisms are altered by environmental manipulations such as training and stimulation and how these changes might enhance the future development of rehabilitative methods for persons with speech motor control disorders. Conclusions: Increased collaboration with neuroscientists working in clinical research centers addressing human communication disorders might foster research in this area. It is hoped that this article will encourage future research on speech motor control disorders to address the principles of neural plasticity and their application for rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Brain imaging
  • Brain reorganization
  • Dysarthria
  • Dysphonia
  • Dyspraxia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Linguistics and Language

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