Transmission spectra of three-dimensional hot jupiter model atmospheres

J. J. Fortney, M. Shabram, A. P. Showman, Y. Lian, R. S. Freedman, M. S. Marley, N. K. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

178 Scopus citations

Abstract

We compute models of the transmission spectra of planets HD 209458b, HD 189733b, and generic hot Jupiters. We examine the effects of temperature, surface gravity, and metallicity for the generic planets as a guide to understanding transmission spectra in general.We find that carbon dioxide absorption at 4.4 and 15μmis prominent at high metallicity, and is a clear metallicity indicator. For HD 209458b and HD 189733b, we compute spectra for both one-dimensional and three-dimensional model atmospheres and examine the differences between them. The differences are usually small, but can be large if atmospheric temperatures are near important chemical abundance boundaries. The calculations for the three-dimensional atmospheres, and their comparison with data, serve as constraints on these dynamical models that complement the secondary eclipse and light curve data sets. For HD 209458b, even if TiO and VO gases are abundant on the dayside, their abundances can be considerably reduced on the cooler planetary limb. However, given the predicted limb temperatures and TiO abundances, the model's optical opacity is too high. For HD 189733b we find a good match with some infrared data sets and constrain the altitude of a postulated haze layer. For this planet, substantial differences can exist between the transmission spectra of the leading and trailing hemispheres, which are an excellent probe of carbon chemistry. In thermochemical equilibrium, the cooler leading hemisphere is methane-dominated, and the hotter trailing hemisphere is COdominated, but these differences may be eliminated by non-equilibrium chemistry due to vertical mixing. It may be possible to constrain the carbon chemistry of this planet, and its spatial variation, with JamesWebb Space Telescope. 2010. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1396-1406
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume709
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • HD 189733)
  • Planetary systems
  • Radiative transfer
  • Stars: Individual (HD 209458

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Transmission spectra of three-dimensional hot jupiter model atmospheres'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Fortney, J. J., Shabram, M., Showman, A. P., Lian, Y., Freedman, R. S., Marley, M. S., & Lewis, N. K. (2010). Transmission spectra of three-dimensional hot jupiter model atmospheres. Astrophysical Journal, 709(2), 1396-1406. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/709/2/1396