Transverse modes, vortices and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

François Brown De Colstoun, Galina Khitrova, Alexander V. Fedorov, Tom R. Nelson, Curt Lowry, Tom M. Brennan, B. Gene Hammons, Paul D. Maker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations


Injection locking dramatically modifies the phase and transverse output intensity profile of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). Injection can induce a VCSEL to emit a high-order transverse mode. Vortices are generated by three different methods: insertion of a helicoidal phase mask, interference of two Gaussian beams, and injection locking of the TEM01 and TEM10 modes of a VCSEL to form the TEM*01 donut mode. The first two methods stem from geometrical optics; the third method involves nonlinear mode competition in the laser cavity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1575-1596
Number of pages22
JournalChaos, solitons and fractals
Issue number8-9
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematics(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

De Colstoun, F. B., Khitrova, G., Fedorov, A. V., Nelson, T. R., Lowry, C., Brennan, T. M., Gene Hammons, B., & Maker, P. D. (1994). Transverse modes, vortices and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. Chaos, solitons and fractals, 4(8-9), 1575-1596.