Tree-ring reconstructed hydroclimate of the Upper Klamath basin

Steven B. Malevich, Connie A. Woodhouse, David M. Meko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work presents the first tree-ring reconstructions of hydroclimate for the Upper Klamath River basin, which stretches from northern California into southern Oregon. The extended record provides a centuries-long perspective on the region's hydroclimatic variability and context for water-related political issues that have erupted in recent years. Reconstructions of water-year precipitation for Klamath Falls, Oregon (extending 1564-2004 and 1000-2010 CE) were developed to compare past drought severity with drought severity of the instrumental record (extending 1896-2011). The reconstructions suggest that variability exhibited during the instrumental period captures extremes of moderate-to-long-duration (6-, 10-, and 20-year) droughts, but not of short (single-year and 3-year) and very long (50-year) droughts, which were more severe during the 11th-13th centuries. The late-16th-century "mega drought" is present in the Klamath River basin, though with less strength than in the neighboring Sacramento River basin. Cool-season storm tracks appear to be a direct driver of hydroclimatic variability, leading to instances of see-saw like relationships with neighboring regions, such as in the mid-14th century. In contrast, the larger area of drought in the 12th century is suggestive of a long-term northward shift in cool-season storm tracks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-22
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Volume495
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2013

Keywords

  • Dendroclimatology
  • Drought
  • Klamath River
  • Precipitation
  • Reconstruction
  • Water supply

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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