Trends and Determinants of Food Insecurity Among Adults in Low-Income Households in California

Brent A. Langellier, M. PIA Chaparro, Matthew Sharp, Kerry Birnbach, E. Richard Brown, Gail G. Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Data from 66 446 low-income adults who participated in the California Health Interview Survey are used to describe trends in food insecurity between 2001 and 2009. Food security was assessed using the short form of the Household Food Security Survey Module. There was a statistically significant increase in food insecurity between 2001 and 2009, from 28.6% to 40.5%. During the same time period, the prevalence of very low food security nearly doubled, from 8.3% to 15%. The increase in food insecurity remained significant even after controlling for differences in income, employment status, participation in food assistance programs, and other sociodemographic factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-413
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • California
  • California Health Interview Survey
  • food insecurity
  • poverty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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