Trichomoniasis in Cooper's hawks from Arizona

Clint W. Boal, Robert W Mannan, K. Stormy Hudelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Members of the family Columbidae are hosts for the sarcomastigophoran, Trichomonas gallinae, the causative agent of trichomoniasis. Birds of prey are susceptible to the disease when they ingest infected prey. Doves are a major dietary component of urban nesting Cooper's hawks (Accipiter cooperii) in Tucson, Arizona (USA). During the breeding seasons of 1995 and 1996, we clinically evaluated 89 breeding age and 223 nestling Cooper's hawks from urban and exurban (i.e., undeveloped natural area) areas for infection of T. gallinae. There was no difference in the rate of infection between breeding age Cooper's hawks in urban and exurban locations; only one bird tested positive for T. gallinae. However, prevalence of T. gallinae was significantly greater among urban nestlings (85%) than exurban nestlings (9%). There also was a difference between the prevalence in breeding age and nestling Coopers hawks in urban areas, but not in exurban areas. Trichomonas gallinae was present in at least one nestling at 98% of urban nests tested (n = 51), but only 13% of exurban nests tested (n = 23). The patterns we found probably are caused by three factors; doves are hosts for the parasite, they are present in large numbers in Tucson, and they are the primary prey of urban Cooper's hawks at that locality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)590-593
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume34
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1998

Fingerprint

Hawks
Trichomonas gallinae
trichomoniasis
hawks
nestling
Breeding
Columbidae
Trichomonas
doves
breeding
nest
nests
Raptors
Accipiter
biological resistance
birds of prey
Infection
breeding season
infection
urban areas

Keywords

  • Accipiter cooperii
  • Cooper's hawk
  • Trichomonas gallinae
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Urban wildlife

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Boal, C. W., Mannan, R. W., & Hudelson, K. S. (1998). Trichomoniasis in Cooper's hawks from Arizona. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 34(3), 590-593.

Trichomoniasis in Cooper's hawks from Arizona. / Boal, Clint W.; Mannan, Robert W; Hudelson, K. Stormy.

In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vol. 34, No. 3, 07.1998, p. 590-593.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Boal, CW, Mannan, RW & Hudelson, KS 1998, 'Trichomoniasis in Cooper's hawks from Arizona', Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 590-593.
Boal, Clint W. ; Mannan, Robert W ; Hudelson, K. Stormy. / Trichomoniasis in Cooper's hawks from Arizona. In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 1998 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 590-593.
@article{ca3aea65e4df41dbb1212d5cac7f9e69,
title = "Trichomoniasis in Cooper's hawks from Arizona",
abstract = "Members of the family Columbidae are hosts for the sarcomastigophoran, Trichomonas gallinae, the causative agent of trichomoniasis. Birds of prey are susceptible to the disease when they ingest infected prey. Doves are a major dietary component of urban nesting Cooper's hawks (Accipiter cooperii) in Tucson, Arizona (USA). During the breeding seasons of 1995 and 1996, we clinically evaluated 89 breeding age and 223 nestling Cooper's hawks from urban and exurban (i.e., undeveloped natural area) areas for infection of T. gallinae. There was no difference in the rate of infection between breeding age Cooper's hawks in urban and exurban locations; only one bird tested positive for T. gallinae. However, prevalence of T. gallinae was significantly greater among urban nestlings (85{\%}) than exurban nestlings (9{\%}). There also was a difference between the prevalence in breeding age and nestling Coopers hawks in urban areas, but not in exurban areas. Trichomonas gallinae was present in at least one nestling at 98{\%} of urban nests tested (n = 51), but only 13{\%} of exurban nests tested (n = 23). The patterns we found probably are caused by three factors; doves are hosts for the parasite, they are present in large numbers in Tucson, and they are the primary prey of urban Cooper's hawks at that locality.",
keywords = "Accipiter cooperii, Cooper's hawk, Trichomonas gallinae, Trichomoniasis, Urban wildlife",
author = "Boal, {Clint W.} and Mannan, {Robert W} and Hudelson, {K. Stormy}",
year = "1998",
month = "7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "590--593",
journal = "Journal of Wildlife Diseases",
issn = "0090-3558",
publisher = "Wildlife Disease Association, Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trichomoniasis in Cooper's hawks from Arizona

AU - Boal, Clint W.

AU - Mannan, Robert W

AU - Hudelson, K. Stormy

PY - 1998/7

Y1 - 1998/7

N2 - Members of the family Columbidae are hosts for the sarcomastigophoran, Trichomonas gallinae, the causative agent of trichomoniasis. Birds of prey are susceptible to the disease when they ingest infected prey. Doves are a major dietary component of urban nesting Cooper's hawks (Accipiter cooperii) in Tucson, Arizona (USA). During the breeding seasons of 1995 and 1996, we clinically evaluated 89 breeding age and 223 nestling Cooper's hawks from urban and exurban (i.e., undeveloped natural area) areas for infection of T. gallinae. There was no difference in the rate of infection between breeding age Cooper's hawks in urban and exurban locations; only one bird tested positive for T. gallinae. However, prevalence of T. gallinae was significantly greater among urban nestlings (85%) than exurban nestlings (9%). There also was a difference between the prevalence in breeding age and nestling Coopers hawks in urban areas, but not in exurban areas. Trichomonas gallinae was present in at least one nestling at 98% of urban nests tested (n = 51), but only 13% of exurban nests tested (n = 23). The patterns we found probably are caused by three factors; doves are hosts for the parasite, they are present in large numbers in Tucson, and they are the primary prey of urban Cooper's hawks at that locality.

AB - Members of the family Columbidae are hosts for the sarcomastigophoran, Trichomonas gallinae, the causative agent of trichomoniasis. Birds of prey are susceptible to the disease when they ingest infected prey. Doves are a major dietary component of urban nesting Cooper's hawks (Accipiter cooperii) in Tucson, Arizona (USA). During the breeding seasons of 1995 and 1996, we clinically evaluated 89 breeding age and 223 nestling Cooper's hawks from urban and exurban (i.e., undeveloped natural area) areas for infection of T. gallinae. There was no difference in the rate of infection between breeding age Cooper's hawks in urban and exurban locations; only one bird tested positive for T. gallinae. However, prevalence of T. gallinae was significantly greater among urban nestlings (85%) than exurban nestlings (9%). There also was a difference between the prevalence in breeding age and nestling Coopers hawks in urban areas, but not in exurban areas. Trichomonas gallinae was present in at least one nestling at 98% of urban nests tested (n = 51), but only 13% of exurban nests tested (n = 23). The patterns we found probably are caused by three factors; doves are hosts for the parasite, they are present in large numbers in Tucson, and they are the primary prey of urban Cooper's hawks at that locality.

KW - Accipiter cooperii

KW - Cooper's hawk

KW - Trichomonas gallinae

KW - Trichomoniasis

KW - Urban wildlife

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032110765&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032110765&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 590

EP - 593

JO - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

JF - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

SN - 0090-3558

IS - 3

ER -