Triptan-induced enhancement of neuronal nitric oxide synthase in trigeminal ganglion dural afferents underlies increased responsiveness to potential migraine triggers

Milena De Felice, Michael H. Ossipov, Ruizhong Wang, Gregory Dussor, Josephine Lai, Ian D. Meng, Juliana Chichorro, John S. Andrews, Suman Rakhit, Shawn Maddaford, David Dodick, Frank Porreca

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57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Migraine is a common neurological disorder often treated with triptans. Triptan overuse can lead to increased frequency of headache in some patients, a phenomenon termed medication overuse headache. Previous preclinical studies have demonstrated that repeated or sustained triptan administration for several days can elicit persistent neural adaptations in trigeminal ganglion cells innervating the dura, prominently characterized by increased labelling of neuronal profiles for calcitonin gene related peptide. Additionally, triptan administration elicited a behavioural syndrome of enhanced sensitivity to surrogate triggers of migraine that was maintained for weeks following discontinuation of drug, a phenomenon termed 'triptan-induced latent sensitization'. Here, we demonstrate that triptan administration elicits a long-lasting increase in identified rat trigeminal dural afferents labelled for neuronal nitric oxide synthase in the trigeminal ganglion. Cutaneous allodynia observed during the period of triptan administration was reversed by NXN-323, a selective inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase. Additionally, neuronal nitric oxide synthase inhibition prevented environmental stress-induced hypersensitivity in the post-triptan administration period. Co-administration of NXN-323 with sumatriptan over several days prevented the expression of allodynia and enhanced sensitivity to stress observed following latent sensitization, but not the triptan-induced increased labelling of neuronal nitric oxide synthase in dural afferents. Triptan administration thus promotes increased expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase in dural afferents, which is critical for enhanced sensitivity to environmental stress. These data provide a biological basis for increased frequency of headache following triptans and highlight the potential clinical utility of neuronal nitric oxide synthase inhibition in preventing or treating medication overuse headache.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2475-2488
Number of pages14
JournalBrain
Volume133
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Cutaneous allodynia
  • Medication overuse
  • Migraine
  • NNOS
  • Nitric oxide
  • Triptans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

De Felice, M., Ossipov, M. H., Wang, R., Dussor, G., Lai, J., Meng, I. D., Chichorro, J., Andrews, J. S., Rakhit, S., Maddaford, S., Dodick, D., & Porreca, F. (2010). Triptan-induced enhancement of neuronal nitric oxide synthase in trigeminal ganglion dural afferents underlies increased responsiveness to potential migraine triggers. Brain, 133(8), 2475-2488. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awq159