PURPOSE: To discover and evaluate the effective treatment methods to prevent or relieve true-lumen collapse in models of aortic dissection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two phantoms were built to simulate type B aortic dissection. After true-lumen collapse was induced, experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of clinically relevant variables in relieving the collapse. Variables included entry-tear size, branch-vessel flow distribution, distal reentry communication between the true and false limbs, aortic fenestrations, and pump output. To test the effect of closing the entry tear, a stent-graft was deployed over the entry tear under physiologic conditions in a mock-flow loop. The difference in the effect of each variable on the prevention and relief of true-lumen collapse was also investigated. RESULTS: It was more difficult to relieve true-lumen collapse than it was to prevent it. Placement of a stent-graft over the entry tear was the most effective method of relieving true-lumen collapse. Less-effective procedures included opening a false-lumen outflow branch and opening the distal reentry branch. Opening the fenestration branch loops, meant to simulate the creation of artificial fenestrations in the intimal flap, did not relieve true-lumen collapse. CONCLUSION: The definitive treatment for true-lumen collapse in aortic dissection is direct repair of the entry tear to decrease false-lumen inflow. Otherwise, increasing the false-lumen outflow and/or creating distal fenestrations between the true and false lumina distal of the level of the compromised aortic branch are less-effective.
- Aorta, dissection
- Aorta, flow dynamics
- Aorta, grafts and prostheses
- Aorta, stenosis or obstruction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging