Objective: Approximately 6000 women deliver annually at Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, where 2.4% of women has human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and 60% is foreign-born. We conducted a retrospective review of prenatal records among HIV-infected women to evaluate tuberculin skin testing (TST). Study Design: We determined how many women had TSTs placed and read, and the TST results. Results: We identified 207 HIV-infected women, 87% of such women delivering in 1995 to 1996. Most did not know their HIV status before seeking prenatal care (109, 54%) and most (176, 85%) had TSTs done. Of the women, 45 had positive TSTs, 96 had negative TSTs, and 35 were anergic. Most results were not recorded using millimeters of induration. Two women (1%) had active tuberculosis (TB) disease. Conclusion: Overall, 21% of all HIV-infected women had positive TSTs and 1% had active TB disease. Focused TB skin testing should be part of routine prenatal care in clinics serving populations at high-risk for TB, such as those with HIV infection and the foreign-born.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology