Twentieth century redistribution in climatic drivers of global tree growth

Flurin Babst, Olivier Bouriaud, Benjamin Poulter, Valerie Trouet, Martin P. Girardin, David C. Frank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Energy and water limitations of tree growth remain insufficiently understood at large spatiotemporal scales, hindering model representation of interannual or longer-term ecosystem processes. By assessing and statistically scaling the climatic drivers from 2710 tree-ring sites, we identified the boreal and temperate land areas where tree growth during 1930–1960 CE responded positively to temperature (20.8 ± 3.7 Mio km 2 ; 25.9 ± 4.6%), precipitation (77.5 ± 3.3 Mio km 2 ; 96.4 ± 4.1%), and other parameters. The spatial manifestation of this climate response is determined by latitudinal and altitudinal temperature gradients, indicating that warming leads to geographic shifts in growth limitations. We observed a significant (P < 0.001) decrease in temperature response at cold-dry sites between 1930–1960 and 1960–1990 CE, and the total temperature-limited area shrunk by −8.7 ± 0.6 Mio km 2 . Simultaneously, trees became more limited by atmospheric water demand almost worldwide. These changes occurred under mild warming, and we expect that continued climate change will trigger a major redistribution in growth responses to climate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereaat4313
JournalScience Advances
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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