Two-stage cross-talk mitigation in an orbital-angular-momentum-based free-space optical communication system

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a two-stage crosstalk mitigation method in an orbital-angular-momentum (OAM)-based free-space optical communication system, which is enabled by combining spatial offset and low-density parity-check (LDPC) coded nonuniform signaling. Different from traditional OAM multiplexing, where the OAM modes are centrally aligned for copropagation, the adjacent OAM modes (OAM states 2 and −6 and OAM states −2 and 6) in our proposed scheme are spatially offset to mitigate the mode cross talk. Different from traditional rectangular modulation formats, which transmit equidistant signal points with uniform probability, the 5-quadrature amplitude modulation (5-QAM) and 9-QAM are introduced to relieve cross-talk-induced performance degradation. The 5-QAM and 9-QAM formats are based on the Huffman coding technique, which can potentially achieve great cross-talk tolerance by combining them with corresponding nonbinary LDPC codes. We demonstrate that cross talk can be reduced by 1.6 dB and 1 dB via spatial offset for OAM states ±2 and ±6, respectively. Compared to quadrature phase shift keying and 8-QAM formats, the LDPC-coded 5-QAM and 9-QAM are able to bring 1.1 dB and 5.4 dB performance improvements in the presence of atmospheric turbulence, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3125-3128
Number of pages4
JournalOptics letters
Volume42
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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