Type II supernovae as standardized candles

Mario Hamuy, Philip A Pinto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present evidence for a correlation between expansion velocities of the ejecta of Type II plateau supernovae and their bolometric luminosities during the plateau phase. This correlation permits one to standardize the candles and decrease the scatter in the Hubble diagram from ∼1 mag to levels of 0.4 and 0.3 mag in the V and I bands, respectively. When we restrict the sample to the eight objects that are well in the Hubble flow (cz > 3000 km s-1), the scatter drops even further, to only 0.2 mag (or 9% in distance), which is comparable to the precision yielded by Type la supernovae and is far better than the "expanding photosphere method" applied to Type II Supernovae. Using SN 1987A to calibrate the Hubble diagrams, we get H0 = 55 ± 12.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume566
Issue number2 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 2002

Fingerprint

Hubble diagram
supernovae
diagram
plateau
plateaus
ejecta
photosphere
extremely high frequencies
luminosity
expansion
method

Keywords

  • Distance scale
  • Galaxies: general
  • Supernovae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Type II supernovae as standardized candles. / Hamuy, Mario; Pinto, Philip A.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 566, No. 2 II, 20.02.2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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