### Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the propagation of an ultra-wideband electromagnetic pulse in a homogeneous, cold plasma which is used to represent a simplified model of the atmosphere. The standard procedure for the computation of the corresponding transient field involves the application of a fast Fourier transform (FFT) to a well-known, analytical, frequency-domain solution. However, because of the long tails in both the time and frequency domains, a large number of sample points are required to compute the transient response using this FFT approach. In this paper, we introduce a new asymptotic extraction technique which dramatically reduces the number of sample points required by the FFT. First, we review the recently derived closed-form expression for a double-exponential pulse propagating in a homogeneous, collisionless, cold plasma. Since the high-frequency behavior does not depend on the electron collision frequency, an analytical frequency-domain expression, which is similar in form to the one encountered for the collisionless, cold plasma and encompasses this high-frequency behavior, can be subtracted from the exact expression for the plasma with a nonzero collision frequency. The extracted term is evaluated analytically. The remaining expression, which can be transformed to the time domain with a FFT, requires only a modest number of sample points. This dramatically improves the numerical efficiency of the approach. We find that the extracted analytical term provides a very good approximation for the early-time behavior of the transient pulse.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 239-250 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Radio Science |

Volume | 32 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 1 1997 |

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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## Cite this

*Radio Science*,

*32*(1), 239-250. https://doi.org/10.1029/96RS03071