The dynamics of band-gap renormalization and gain build-up in monolayer MoTe2-H is investigated by evaluating the nonequilibrium Dirac-Bloch equations with the incoherent carrier-carrier and carrier-phonon scattering treated via quantum-Boltzmann type scattering equations. For the case where an approximately 300-fs-long high-intensity optical pulse generates charge-carrier densities in the gain regime, the strong Coulomb coupling leads to a relaxation of excited carriers on a few-femtosecond timescale. The pump-pulse generation of excited carriers induces a large band-gap renormalization during the timescale of the pulse. Efficient phonon coupling leads to a subsequent carrier thermalization within a few picoseconds, which defines the timescale for the optical gain build-up energetically close to the low-density exciton resonance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics