Using ultrafast extreme ultraviolet pulses, we performed a direct measurement of the relaxation dynamics of neutral superexcited states corresponding to the nlσ g(cΣu-4) Rydberg series of O 2. An extreme ultraviolet attosecond pulse train was used to create a temporally localized Rydberg wave packet and the ensuing electronic and nuclear dynamics were probed using a time delayed femtosecond near-infrared pulse. We investigated the competing predissociation and autoionization mechanisms in superexcited oxygen molecules and found that autoionization is dominant for the low n Rydberg states. We measured an autoionization lifetime of 92±6fs and 180±10fs for the (5s,4d)σ g and (6s,5d) σ g Rydberg state groups, respectively. We also determine that the disputed neutral dissociation lifetime for the ν=0 vibrational level of the Rydberg series is 1100±100fs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)