Ultrasonic attenuation by interaction with the soft optic mode in KTaO3

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Ultrasonic attenuation and velocity in KTaO3 have been measured from 180-900 MHz over the temperature range 2-300°K. Both longitudinal and transverse waves were studied. While for transverse waves the attenuation and velocity behaved normally, for longitudinal waves they showed a rapid temperature dependence at low temperature. The longitudinal attenuation was much larger than the transverse attenuation and showed a large peak at 30°K. At 4.2°K it varied as the square of the ultrasonic frequency (at low frequency). These observations are explained, quantitatively at low temperature and qualitatively over the entire range, in terms of an Akhieser-type interaction with the soft optic mode. The Grüneisen constant and k=0 frequency for the soft mode are obtained from the analysis. Also, some information about the soft-mode dispersion is obtained. The Grüneisen constant so determined is in fair agreement with that determined from a phenomenological theory using electrostrictive constants. The k=0 soft-mode frequency is in excellent agreement with Raman and infrared results. The effective relaxation time for the interaction is shown to involve both acoustic- and optic-mode relaxation times.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)743-762
Number of pages20
JournalPhysical Review
Volume178
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1969
Externally publishedYes

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ultrasonics
attenuation
optics
transverse waves
longitudinal waves
interactions
relaxation time
low frequencies
temperature dependence
acoustics
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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Ultrasonic attenuation by interaction with the soft optic mode in KTaO3. / Barrett, Harrison H.

In: Physical Review, Vol. 178, No. 2, 1969, p. 743-762.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Ultrasonic attenuation and velocity in KTaO3 have been measured from 180-900 MHz over the temperature range 2-300°K. Both longitudinal and transverse waves were studied. While for transverse waves the attenuation and velocity behaved normally, for longitudinal waves they showed a rapid temperature dependence at low temperature. The longitudinal attenuation was much larger than the transverse attenuation and showed a large peak at 30°K. At 4.2°K it varied as the square of the ultrasonic frequency (at low frequency). These observations are explained, quantitatively at low temperature and qualitatively over the entire range, in terms of an Akhieser-type interaction with the soft optic mode. The Gr{\"u}neisen constant and k=0 frequency for the soft mode are obtained from the analysis. Also, some information about the soft-mode dispersion is obtained. The Gr{\"u}neisen constant so determined is in fair agreement with that determined from a phenomenological theory using electrostrictive constants. The k=0 soft-mode frequency is in excellent agreement with Raman and infrared results. The effective relaxation time for the interaction is shown to involve both acoustic- and optic-mode relaxation times.",
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