Ultraviolet and optical observations of ob associations and field stars in the southwest region of the Large Magellanic Cloud

Joel Wm Parker, Dennis F Zaritsky, Theodore P. Stecher, Jason Harris, Philip Massey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using ultraviolet photometry from the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT) combined with photometry and spectroscopy from three ground-based optical data sets we have analyzed the stellar content of OB associations and field areas in and around the regions N79, N81, N83, and N94 in the Large Magellanic Cloud. In particular, we compare data for the OB association Lucke-Hodge 2 (LH 2) to determine how strongly the initial mass function (IMF) may depend on different photometric reductions and calibrations. Although the data sets exhibit median photometric differences of up to 30%, the resulting uncorrected IMFs are reasonably similar, typically Γ ∼ -1.6 in the 5-60 M mass range. However, when we correct for the background contribution of field stars, the calculated IMF flattens to Γ = -1.3 ± 0.2 (similar to the Salpeter IMF slope). This change underlines the importance of correcting for field star contamination in determinations of the IMF of star formation regions. It is possible that even in the case of an universal IMF, the variability of the density of background stars could be the dominant factor creating the differences between calculated IMFs for OB associations. We have also combined the UIT data with the most extensive of these ground-based optical data sets - the Magellanic Cloud Photometric Survey - to study the distribution of the candidate O-type stars in the field. We find a significant fraction, roughly half, of the candidate O-type stars are found in field regions, far from any obvious OB associations (in accord with the 1982 suggestions of Garmany, Conti, & Chiosi for O-type stars in the solar neighborhood). These stars are greater than 2′ (30 pc) from the boundaries of existing OB associations in the region, which is a distance greater than most O-type stars with typical dispersion velocities will travel in their lifetimes. The origin of these massive field stars (either as runaways, members of low-density star-forming regions, or examples of isolated massive star formation) will have to be determined by further observations and analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)891-904
Number of pages14
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume121
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2001

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star distribution
Magellanic clouds
stars
IMF
star formation
ultraviolet photometry
telescopes
solar neighborhood
massive stars
travel
suggestion
photometry
spectroscopy
contamination
calibration
slopes
life (durability)

Keywords

  • Catalogs
  • Magellanic Clouds
  • Open clusters and associations
  • Stars: early type
  • Stars: mass function
  • Ultraviolet: stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Ultraviolet and optical observations of ob associations and field stars in the southwest region of the Large Magellanic Cloud. / Parker, Joel Wm; Zaritsky, Dennis F; Stecher, Theodore P.; Harris, Jason; Massey, Philip.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 121, No. 2, 02.2001, p. 891-904.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Parker, Joel Wm ; Zaritsky, Dennis F ; Stecher, Theodore P. ; Harris, Jason ; Massey, Philip. / Ultraviolet and optical observations of ob associations and field stars in the southwest region of the Large Magellanic Cloud. In: Astronomical Journal. 2001 ; Vol. 121, No. 2. pp. 891-904.
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abstract = "Using ultraviolet photometry from the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT) combined with photometry and spectroscopy from three ground-based optical data sets we have analyzed the stellar content of OB associations and field areas in and around the regions N79, N81, N83, and N94 in the Large Magellanic Cloud. In particular, we compare data for the OB association Lucke-Hodge 2 (LH 2) to determine how strongly the initial mass function (IMF) may depend on different photometric reductions and calibrations. Although the data sets exhibit median photometric differences of up to 30{\%}, the resulting uncorrected IMFs are reasonably similar, typically Γ ∼ -1.6 in the 5-60 M⊙ mass range. However, when we correct for the background contribution of field stars, the calculated IMF flattens to Γ = -1.3 ± 0.2 (similar to the Salpeter IMF slope). This change underlines the importance of correcting for field star contamination in determinations of the IMF of star formation regions. It is possible that even in the case of an universal IMF, the variability of the density of background stars could be the dominant factor creating the differences between calculated IMFs for OB associations. We have also combined the UIT data with the most extensive of these ground-based optical data sets - the Magellanic Cloud Photometric Survey - to study the distribution of the candidate O-type stars in the field. We find a significant fraction, roughly half, of the candidate O-type stars are found in field regions, far from any obvious OB associations (in accord with the 1982 suggestions of Garmany, Conti, & Chiosi for O-type stars in the solar neighborhood). These stars are greater than 2′ (30 pc) from the boundaries of existing OB associations in the region, which is a distance greater than most O-type stars with typical dispersion velocities will travel in their lifetimes. The origin of these massive field stars (either as runaways, members of low-density star-forming regions, or examples of isolated massive star formation) will have to be determined by further observations and analysis.",
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AB - Using ultraviolet photometry from the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT) combined with photometry and spectroscopy from three ground-based optical data sets we have analyzed the stellar content of OB associations and field areas in and around the regions N79, N81, N83, and N94 in the Large Magellanic Cloud. In particular, we compare data for the OB association Lucke-Hodge 2 (LH 2) to determine how strongly the initial mass function (IMF) may depend on different photometric reductions and calibrations. Although the data sets exhibit median photometric differences of up to 30%, the resulting uncorrected IMFs are reasonably similar, typically Γ ∼ -1.6 in the 5-60 M⊙ mass range. However, when we correct for the background contribution of field stars, the calculated IMF flattens to Γ = -1.3 ± 0.2 (similar to the Salpeter IMF slope). This change underlines the importance of correcting for field star contamination in determinations of the IMF of star formation regions. It is possible that even in the case of an universal IMF, the variability of the density of background stars could be the dominant factor creating the differences between calculated IMFs for OB associations. We have also combined the UIT data with the most extensive of these ground-based optical data sets - the Magellanic Cloud Photometric Survey - to study the distribution of the candidate O-type stars in the field. We find a significant fraction, roughly half, of the candidate O-type stars are found in field regions, far from any obvious OB associations (in accord with the 1982 suggestions of Garmany, Conti, & Chiosi for O-type stars in the solar neighborhood). These stars are greater than 2′ (30 pc) from the boundaries of existing OB associations in the region, which is a distance greater than most O-type stars with typical dispersion velocities will travel in their lifetimes. The origin of these massive field stars (either as runaways, members of low-density star-forming regions, or examples of isolated massive star formation) will have to be determined by further observations and analysis.

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