Ultraviolet astronomical polarimetry: Some results and prospects

Kenneth H. Nordsieck, Walter M Harris

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The new territory of ultraviolet imaging polarimetry is being explored at the University of Wisconsin Space Astronomy Lab by a sounding rocket payload, the Wide-Field Imaging Survey Polarimeter (`WISP'). WISP uses an 8-inch F/1.9 all-reflective Schmidt telescope, a large rotatable stressed CaF2 waveplate, and a fixed polarizing mirror coated with an opaque monolayer of ZrO2, illuminated at the Brewster angle. The payload has flown successfully four times, targeting the Pleiades Reflection Nebula, the Large Magellanic Cloud, comet Hale-Bopp, and the diffuse light of our Galaxy. An improved payload in the concept stage is Cosmic Ultraviolet Polarimetric Imaging Device (`CUPID'), which would use a 20-inch Gregorian Paul-Baker telescope, WISP-style polarimetric optics, and multilayer reflective coatings to achieve wide-field imaging polarimetry with more than 15 times the sensitivity of WISP. It is to be used to separate the Galactic and Cosmological components of the ultraviolet diffuse background using their polarimetric properties. High resolution stellar spectropolarimetry in the far ultraviolet is to be pioneered by a sounding rocket payload in the design stage, the Far-Ultraviolet Spectropolarimeter (`FUSP'). This instrument is to have a spectral resolution of 0.07 nm and a spectral coverage from 105 to 145 nm. It uses a 20-inch telescope with polarimetric optics at the prime focus, and a far ultraviolet spectrometer using an aberration-corrected holographic grating. The polarimetric analyzer will be a thin LiF stressed waveplate, followed by a Brewster-angle polarizer of natural diamond. Scientific goals include diagnosis of the geometry and magnetic fields in stellar envelopes via resonance scattering and the Hanle Effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSociety of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Pages124-133
Number of pages10
Volume3764
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1999 Ultraviolet and X-Ray Detection, Spectroscopy, and Polarimetry III - Denver, CO, USA
Duration: Jul 19 1999Jul 20 1999

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1999 Ultraviolet and X-Ray Detection, Spectroscopy, and Polarimetry III
CityDenver, CO, USA
Period7/19/997/20/99

Fingerprint

astronomical polarimetry
Polarimeters
payloads
Telescopes
Sounding rockets
Imaging techniques
sounding rockets
Brewster angle
polarimetry
polarimeters
Optics
Hale-Bopp comet
telescopes
Ultraviolet spectrometers
optics
Schmidt telescopes
Reflective coatings
reflection nebulae
stellar envelopes
Holographic gratings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Nordsieck, K. H., & Harris, W. M. (1999). Ultraviolet astronomical polarimetry: Some results and prospects. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 3764, pp. 124-133). Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.

Ultraviolet astronomical polarimetry : Some results and prospects. / Nordsieck, Kenneth H.; Harris, Walter M.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 3764 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 1999. p. 124-133.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nordsieck, KH & Harris, WM 1999, Ultraviolet astronomical polarimetry: Some results and prospects. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 3764, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, pp. 124-133, Proceedings of the 1999 Ultraviolet and X-Ray Detection, Spectroscopy, and Polarimetry III, Denver, CO, USA, 7/19/99.
Nordsieck KH, Harris WM. Ultraviolet astronomical polarimetry: Some results and prospects. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 3764. Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. 1999. p. 124-133
Nordsieck, Kenneth H. ; Harris, Walter M. / Ultraviolet astronomical polarimetry : Some results and prospects. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 3764 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 1999. pp. 124-133
@inproceedings{22813d89a7504a2788dd4dfab274d2ea,
title = "Ultraviolet astronomical polarimetry: Some results and prospects",
abstract = "The new territory of ultraviolet imaging polarimetry is being explored at the University of Wisconsin Space Astronomy Lab by a sounding rocket payload, the Wide-Field Imaging Survey Polarimeter (`WISP'). WISP uses an 8-inch F/1.9 all-reflective Schmidt telescope, a large rotatable stressed CaF2 waveplate, and a fixed polarizing mirror coated with an opaque monolayer of ZrO2, illuminated at the Brewster angle. The payload has flown successfully four times, targeting the Pleiades Reflection Nebula, the Large Magellanic Cloud, comet Hale-Bopp, and the diffuse light of our Galaxy. An improved payload in the concept stage is Cosmic Ultraviolet Polarimetric Imaging Device (`CUPID'), which would use a 20-inch Gregorian Paul-Baker telescope, WISP-style polarimetric optics, and multilayer reflective coatings to achieve wide-field imaging polarimetry with more than 15 times the sensitivity of WISP. It is to be used to separate the Galactic and Cosmological components of the ultraviolet diffuse background using their polarimetric properties. High resolution stellar spectropolarimetry in the far ultraviolet is to be pioneered by a sounding rocket payload in the design stage, the Far-Ultraviolet Spectropolarimeter (`FUSP'). This instrument is to have a spectral resolution of 0.07 nm and a spectral coverage from 105 to 145 nm. It uses a 20-inch telescope with polarimetric optics at the prime focus, and a far ultraviolet spectrometer using an aberration-corrected holographic grating. The polarimetric analyzer will be a thin LiF stressed waveplate, followed by a Brewster-angle polarizer of natural diamond. Scientific goals include diagnosis of the geometry and magnetic fields in stellar envelopes via resonance scattering and the Hanle Effect.",
author = "Nordsieck, {Kenneth H.} and Harris, {Walter M}",
year = "1999",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3764",
pages = "124--133",
booktitle = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
publisher = "Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Ultraviolet astronomical polarimetry

T2 - Some results and prospects

AU - Nordsieck, Kenneth H.

AU - Harris, Walter M

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - The new territory of ultraviolet imaging polarimetry is being explored at the University of Wisconsin Space Astronomy Lab by a sounding rocket payload, the Wide-Field Imaging Survey Polarimeter (`WISP'). WISP uses an 8-inch F/1.9 all-reflective Schmidt telescope, a large rotatable stressed CaF2 waveplate, and a fixed polarizing mirror coated with an opaque monolayer of ZrO2, illuminated at the Brewster angle. The payload has flown successfully four times, targeting the Pleiades Reflection Nebula, the Large Magellanic Cloud, comet Hale-Bopp, and the diffuse light of our Galaxy. An improved payload in the concept stage is Cosmic Ultraviolet Polarimetric Imaging Device (`CUPID'), which would use a 20-inch Gregorian Paul-Baker telescope, WISP-style polarimetric optics, and multilayer reflective coatings to achieve wide-field imaging polarimetry with more than 15 times the sensitivity of WISP. It is to be used to separate the Galactic and Cosmological components of the ultraviolet diffuse background using their polarimetric properties. High resolution stellar spectropolarimetry in the far ultraviolet is to be pioneered by a sounding rocket payload in the design stage, the Far-Ultraviolet Spectropolarimeter (`FUSP'). This instrument is to have a spectral resolution of 0.07 nm and a spectral coverage from 105 to 145 nm. It uses a 20-inch telescope with polarimetric optics at the prime focus, and a far ultraviolet spectrometer using an aberration-corrected holographic grating. The polarimetric analyzer will be a thin LiF stressed waveplate, followed by a Brewster-angle polarizer of natural diamond. Scientific goals include diagnosis of the geometry and magnetic fields in stellar envelopes via resonance scattering and the Hanle Effect.

AB - The new territory of ultraviolet imaging polarimetry is being explored at the University of Wisconsin Space Astronomy Lab by a sounding rocket payload, the Wide-Field Imaging Survey Polarimeter (`WISP'). WISP uses an 8-inch F/1.9 all-reflective Schmidt telescope, a large rotatable stressed CaF2 waveplate, and a fixed polarizing mirror coated with an opaque monolayer of ZrO2, illuminated at the Brewster angle. The payload has flown successfully four times, targeting the Pleiades Reflection Nebula, the Large Magellanic Cloud, comet Hale-Bopp, and the diffuse light of our Galaxy. An improved payload in the concept stage is Cosmic Ultraviolet Polarimetric Imaging Device (`CUPID'), which would use a 20-inch Gregorian Paul-Baker telescope, WISP-style polarimetric optics, and multilayer reflective coatings to achieve wide-field imaging polarimetry with more than 15 times the sensitivity of WISP. It is to be used to separate the Galactic and Cosmological components of the ultraviolet diffuse background using their polarimetric properties. High resolution stellar spectropolarimetry in the far ultraviolet is to be pioneered by a sounding rocket payload in the design stage, the Far-Ultraviolet Spectropolarimeter (`FUSP'). This instrument is to have a spectral resolution of 0.07 nm and a spectral coverage from 105 to 145 nm. It uses a 20-inch telescope with polarimetric optics at the prime focus, and a far ultraviolet spectrometer using an aberration-corrected holographic grating. The polarimetric analyzer will be a thin LiF stressed waveplate, followed by a Brewster-angle polarizer of natural diamond. Scientific goals include diagnosis of the geometry and magnetic fields in stellar envelopes via resonance scattering and the Hanle Effect.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033361594&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033361594&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:0033361594

VL - 3764

SP - 124

EP - 133

BT - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

PB - Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

ER -