We have used spin-wave Brillouin scattering to study the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of ultrathin Co/Au/Cu(111) films with various thicknesses of Au underlayer. From the field dependence of the spin-wave frequency we find that the second-order (fourth power) uniaxial perpendicular anisotropy increases monotonically with increasing Au-underlayer thickness ranging from 0 to 5 monolayers (ML), while the first-order (second power) anisotropy shows a nonmonotonic increase with a minimum at 1 ML Au. The ratio of the second-order anisotropy constant to the first one also increases with increasing Au thickness, from 0.01 to 0.07. We observe saturation for both the perpendicular anisotropy constants for a 5 ML Au underlayer, which coincides with saturation of expansion of the in-plane Co lattice due to the coherent growth of Co at the interface between the Co and Au underlayer. When the thickness of Au is further increased beyond 5 ML, we find an anisotropy-independent increase in coercivity on the polar-Kerr hysteresis curves. We also have observed a field-dependent broadening of the spin-wave Brillouin spectrum around a critical field between out-of-plane and in-plane magnetizations, which we explain by assuming a distribution of the first-order perpendicular anisotropy. As the result, the normalized distribution of the first-order anisotropy is shown to have a minimum at 1 ML Au thickness. We believe the observed Au-thickness dependences of the perpendicular anisotropy and of the distribution are characteristic behaviors due to an atomic-scale transition of the underlayer materials from Cu to Au.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics