Underpotential deposition of thallium, lead, and cadmium at silver electrodes modified with self-assembled monolayers of (3-mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane

Joseph W.F. Robertson, Domenic J. Tiani, Jeanne E. Pemberton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Investigation of the underpotential deposition (UPD) of three metals-Tl, Pb, and Cd-on Ag surfaces modified with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (3MPT) is reported. On the basis of the observation of negative potential shifts for their UPD processes, Tl and Pb undergo UPD directly on the underlying Ag surface by insertion between the Ag-S bond. This process is proposed to occur by penetration of the 3MPT monolayer by hydrated metal ions through spaces in six-membered siloxane rings that form at the terminus of the 3MPT layer after hydrolysis and condensation. In contrast, Cd does not undergo similarly facile UPD at 3MPTmodified Ag electrodes due to a hydrated ion size too large to fit through these openings. The voltammetric evidence that suggests that the hydrated metal cation size, as described by the Stokes diameter, is the primary determinant of Ag electrode accessibility for UPD through the cross-linked 3MPT layer is further supported by molecular mechanics energy minimization computations of six-membered siloxane rings on each of the three low-index faces of Ag. Finally, the 3MPT monolayer is shown to be exceptionally stable to repeated UPD/stripping cycles of Tl and Pb in contrast to SAMs of similar thickness formed from normal alkanethiols.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4651-4661
Number of pages11
JournalLangmuir
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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