Understanding grower perceptions and attitudes on the use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, in the semi-arid Southwest United States

Jessica L. Dery, Channah M Rock, Rachel Rosenberg Goldstein, Cathy Onumajuru, Natalie Brassill, Stevi Zozaya, Mayhah R. Suri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, has become a desirable option to meet increasing demands in water stressed regions. In the Southwest United States, utilization of alternative water sources is becoming increasingly common, including use for landscape irrigation, environmental enhancement, cooling and power generation, potable reuse, and as a source water for agricultural irrigation. While much research has gone into identifying public perception towards water reuse schemes, little attention has been given to understanding grower attitudes, perceptions, and knowledge on the use of nontraditional water, including reclaimed water, in agriculture and how that may influence grower acceptance and production practices. This unique study utilized a needs assessment survey of growers (n = 521) within the Southwest region of the United States to gain an understanding of industry attitudes and needs regarding nontraditional water in agriculture. Results indicate that the majority of survey respondents were concerned with water availability (67.49%) yet less than half (48.30%) thought using a nontraditional water source in agriculture was ‘very important’. Interestingly, respondents rated irrigation of ‘food crops’ third (42.20%) among agricultural activities for which they would be willing to use nontraditional water sources, behind irrigation of forage crops (61.60%) and dust control (61.60%). The importance of the use of nontraditional water sources in agriculture was influenced mostly by farm size (p = 0.007) and primary water source (p = 0.016), and the level of education was significant in respondent's level of concern over water availability (p = 0.021). Information on the quality of nontraditional water sources, showing that it is as good or better than respondents current sources, was found to shift rejection and uncertainty towards acceptance by 16.04%. The results of this study provide insight into perceived risks, willingness to use, drivers and constraints to grower adoption, and preferred methods of education regarding water reuse in agriculture. These findings can be used by water managers and planners to aid in the adoption of nontraditional waters, including reclaimed or recycled water, in agriculture thus extending water resources, securing food supplies, and protecting public health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-509
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Research
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Water
Agriculture
water
agriculture
Irrigation
irrigation
water availability
Crops
Agricultural Irrigation
farm size
Education
Availability
Water Resources
Food supply
Dust control
food supply
power generation
Needs Assessment
Food Supply
water use

Keywords

  • Grower perception
  • Nontraditional water sources
  • Public perception
  • Reclaimed water
  • Recycled water
  • Water reuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Understanding grower perceptions and attitudes on the use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, in the semi-arid Southwest United States. / Dery, Jessica L.; Rock, Channah M; Goldstein, Rachel Rosenberg; Onumajuru, Cathy; Brassill, Natalie; Zozaya, Stevi; Suri, Mayhah R.

In: Environmental Research, 01.03.2019, p. 500-509.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dery, Jessica L. ; Rock, Channah M ; Goldstein, Rachel Rosenberg ; Onumajuru, Cathy ; Brassill, Natalie ; Zozaya, Stevi ; Suri, Mayhah R. / Understanding grower perceptions and attitudes on the use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, in the semi-arid Southwest United States. In: Environmental Research. 2019 ; pp. 500-509.
@article{fb29a9c48d464e408588ff0957904fce,
title = "Understanding grower perceptions and attitudes on the use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, in the semi-arid Southwest United States",
abstract = "The use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, has become a desirable option to meet increasing demands in water stressed regions. In the Southwest United States, utilization of alternative water sources is becoming increasingly common, including use for landscape irrigation, environmental enhancement, cooling and power generation, potable reuse, and as a source water for agricultural irrigation. While much research has gone into identifying public perception towards water reuse schemes, little attention has been given to understanding grower attitudes, perceptions, and knowledge on the use of nontraditional water, including reclaimed water, in agriculture and how that may influence grower acceptance and production practices. This unique study utilized a needs assessment survey of growers (n = 521) within the Southwest region of the United States to gain an understanding of industry attitudes and needs regarding nontraditional water in agriculture. Results indicate that the majority of survey respondents were concerned with water availability (67.49{\%}) yet less than half (48.30{\%}) thought using a nontraditional water source in agriculture was ‘very important’. Interestingly, respondents rated irrigation of ‘food crops’ third (42.20{\%}) among agricultural activities for which they would be willing to use nontraditional water sources, behind irrigation of forage crops (61.60{\%}) and dust control (61.60{\%}). The importance of the use of nontraditional water sources in agriculture was influenced mostly by farm size (p = 0.007) and primary water source (p = 0.016), and the level of education was significant in respondent's level of concern over water availability (p = 0.021). Information on the quality of nontraditional water sources, showing that it is as good or better than respondents current sources, was found to shift rejection and uncertainty towards acceptance by 16.04{\%}. The results of this study provide insight into perceived risks, willingness to use, drivers and constraints to grower adoption, and preferred methods of education regarding water reuse in agriculture. These findings can be used by water managers and planners to aid in the adoption of nontraditional waters, including reclaimed or recycled water, in agriculture thus extending water resources, securing food supplies, and protecting public health.",
keywords = "Grower perception, Nontraditional water sources, Public perception, Reclaimed water, Recycled water, Water reuse",
author = "Dery, {Jessica L.} and Rock, {Channah M} and Goldstein, {Rachel Rosenberg} and Cathy Onumajuru and Natalie Brassill and Stevi Zozaya and Suri, {Mayhah R.}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.039",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "500--509",
journal = "Environmental Research",
issn = "0013-9351",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding grower perceptions and attitudes on the use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, in the semi-arid Southwest United States

AU - Dery, Jessica L.

AU - Rock, Channah M

AU - Goldstein, Rachel Rosenberg

AU - Onumajuru, Cathy

AU - Brassill, Natalie

AU - Zozaya, Stevi

AU - Suri, Mayhah R.

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - The use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, has become a desirable option to meet increasing demands in water stressed regions. In the Southwest United States, utilization of alternative water sources is becoming increasingly common, including use for landscape irrigation, environmental enhancement, cooling and power generation, potable reuse, and as a source water for agricultural irrigation. While much research has gone into identifying public perception towards water reuse schemes, little attention has been given to understanding grower attitudes, perceptions, and knowledge on the use of nontraditional water, including reclaimed water, in agriculture and how that may influence grower acceptance and production practices. This unique study utilized a needs assessment survey of growers (n = 521) within the Southwest region of the United States to gain an understanding of industry attitudes and needs regarding nontraditional water in agriculture. Results indicate that the majority of survey respondents were concerned with water availability (67.49%) yet less than half (48.30%) thought using a nontraditional water source in agriculture was ‘very important’. Interestingly, respondents rated irrigation of ‘food crops’ third (42.20%) among agricultural activities for which they would be willing to use nontraditional water sources, behind irrigation of forage crops (61.60%) and dust control (61.60%). The importance of the use of nontraditional water sources in agriculture was influenced mostly by farm size (p = 0.007) and primary water source (p = 0.016), and the level of education was significant in respondent's level of concern over water availability (p = 0.021). Information on the quality of nontraditional water sources, showing that it is as good or better than respondents current sources, was found to shift rejection and uncertainty towards acceptance by 16.04%. The results of this study provide insight into perceived risks, willingness to use, drivers and constraints to grower adoption, and preferred methods of education regarding water reuse in agriculture. These findings can be used by water managers and planners to aid in the adoption of nontraditional waters, including reclaimed or recycled water, in agriculture thus extending water resources, securing food supplies, and protecting public health.

AB - The use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, has become a desirable option to meet increasing demands in water stressed regions. In the Southwest United States, utilization of alternative water sources is becoming increasingly common, including use for landscape irrigation, environmental enhancement, cooling and power generation, potable reuse, and as a source water for agricultural irrigation. While much research has gone into identifying public perception towards water reuse schemes, little attention has been given to understanding grower attitudes, perceptions, and knowledge on the use of nontraditional water, including reclaimed water, in agriculture and how that may influence grower acceptance and production practices. This unique study utilized a needs assessment survey of growers (n = 521) within the Southwest region of the United States to gain an understanding of industry attitudes and needs regarding nontraditional water in agriculture. Results indicate that the majority of survey respondents were concerned with water availability (67.49%) yet less than half (48.30%) thought using a nontraditional water source in agriculture was ‘very important’. Interestingly, respondents rated irrigation of ‘food crops’ third (42.20%) among agricultural activities for which they would be willing to use nontraditional water sources, behind irrigation of forage crops (61.60%) and dust control (61.60%). The importance of the use of nontraditional water sources in agriculture was influenced mostly by farm size (p = 0.007) and primary water source (p = 0.016), and the level of education was significant in respondent's level of concern over water availability (p = 0.021). Information on the quality of nontraditional water sources, showing that it is as good or better than respondents current sources, was found to shift rejection and uncertainty towards acceptance by 16.04%. The results of this study provide insight into perceived risks, willingness to use, drivers and constraints to grower adoption, and preferred methods of education regarding water reuse in agriculture. These findings can be used by water managers and planners to aid in the adoption of nontraditional waters, including reclaimed or recycled water, in agriculture thus extending water resources, securing food supplies, and protecting public health.

KW - Grower perception

KW - Nontraditional water sources

KW - Public perception

KW - Reclaimed water

KW - Recycled water

KW - Water reuse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060533667&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060533667&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.039

DO - 10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.039

M3 - Article

SP - 500

EP - 509

JO - Environmental Research

JF - Environmental Research

SN - 0013-9351

ER -