Understanding Ice Cloud-Precipitation Properties of Three Modes of Mesoscale Convective Systems During PECAN

Wenjun Cui, Xiquan Dong, Baike Xi, Jiwen Fan, Jingjing Tian, Jingyu Wang, Theodore M. McHardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study analyzes the precipitation and ice cloud microphysical features of three common modes of linear mesoscale convective systems during the Plains Elevated Convection at Night (PECAN) campaign. Three cases, one for each linear mesoscale convective system archetype (trailing stratiform, leading stratiform, and parallel stratiform precipitation), are selected. We focus primarily on analyzing ice cloud microphysical properties and precipitation rates (PRs) over the classified convective core (CC) and stratiform rain (SR) regions, as well as the two stratiform regions that developed behind (SR1) and ahead (SR2) of the convective line relative to the storm motion. In the three selected cases, the ice water path (IWP) and PR have strong correlations in the CC, but not in the SR. In terms of the temporal evolution of the mean IWPs and PRs, both CC and SR IWPs, as well as CC PRs, reach peaks quickly but take a longer time to dissipate than the increase period. For all the three cases, both SR1 and SR2 IWPs are 20–70% of their corresponding CC values in both the leading stratiform and parallel stratiform cases and up to 95% for the trailing stratiform case, while all of their PRs are only 7–25% of their CC values. These values suggest not only that the SR PRs may depend on IWPs but also that the microphysical properties of ice particles such as habit and size distribution may play an important role. Utilizing cloud-resolving simulations of these systems may provide better understanding of the physical meanings behind the results in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4121-4140
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Volume124
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 16 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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