Understanding traumatic blunt cardiac injury

Ayman El-Menyar, Hassan Al Thani, Ahmad Zarour, Rifat Latifi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiac injuries are classified as blunt and penetrating injuries. In both the injuries, the major issue is missing the diagnosis and high mortality. Blunt cardiac injuries (BCI) are much more common than penetrating injuries. Aiming at a better understanding of BCI, we searched the literature from January 1847 to January 2012 by using MEDLINE and EMBASE search engines. Using the key word "Blunt Cardiac Injury," we found 1814 articles; out of which 716 articles were relevant. Herein, we review the causes, diagnosis, and management of BCI. In conclusion, traumatic cardiac injury is a major challenge in critical trauma care, but the guidelines are lacking. A high index of suspicion, application of current diagnostic protocols, and prompt and appropriate management is mandatory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-295
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Aortic injury
  • Blunt cardiac injury
  • Blunt trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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