Understanding women's burdens: Preliminary findings on psychosocial health among Datoga and Iraqw women of northern Tanzania

Ivy L Pike, Crystal L. Patil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This preliminary, community-based study examines major stressors identified by Iraqw and Datoga women of Mbulu District, Tanzania, and describes steps in creating a culturally specific questionnaire to assess mental health burdens. This area of Tanzania is remote, with limited access to goods and services, and is undergoing dramatic social and economic changes. Iraqw and Datoga reside in close proximity and often intermarry but have different cultural and subsistence responses to this rapid social change. Data were collected from May to October 2002, with 49 Datoga women and 64 Iraqw women interviewed. In-home interviews were conducted to have women (1) free-list their primary concerns and (2) answer questions from a translated (in Datoga and Iraqw) and modified standardized mental health questionnaire. Both groups of women identified hunger, the lack of animals, particularly cattle, and health/illnesses as the most common major stressors. Other frequently cited stressors included crop failure, general fears of violence, paying taxes, and no money for basic needs. Additional refinements are required for the mental health questionnaire, with strengths and limitations discussed. Such data, while preliminary, augment efforts to analyze the emotional burdens associated with dramatic social change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-330
Number of pages32
JournalCulture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

Fingerprint

Tanzania
Health
social change
health
Mental Health
mental health
Social Change
questionnaire
Hunger
basic need
Taxes
hunger
economic change
Violence
Fear
taxes
money
illness
animal
Economics

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural psychiatry
  • Mental health
  • Pastoralism
  • Psychosocial stress
  • Women's health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Anthropology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Understanding women's burdens : Preliminary findings on psychosocial health among Datoga and Iraqw women of northern Tanzania. / Pike, Ivy L; Patil, Crystal L.

In: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, Vol. 30, No. 3, 09.2006, p. 299-330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e798292798014841b6950e80e9cf6468,
title = "Understanding women's burdens: Preliminary findings on psychosocial health among Datoga and Iraqw women of northern Tanzania",
abstract = "This preliminary, community-based study examines major stressors identified by Iraqw and Datoga women of Mbulu District, Tanzania, and describes steps in creating a culturally specific questionnaire to assess mental health burdens. This area of Tanzania is remote, with limited access to goods and services, and is undergoing dramatic social and economic changes. Iraqw and Datoga reside in close proximity and often intermarry but have different cultural and subsistence responses to this rapid social change. Data were collected from May to October 2002, with 49 Datoga women and 64 Iraqw women interviewed. In-home interviews were conducted to have women (1) free-list their primary concerns and (2) answer questions from a translated (in Datoga and Iraqw) and modified standardized mental health questionnaire. Both groups of women identified hunger, the lack of animals, particularly cattle, and health/illnesses as the most common major stressors. Other frequently cited stressors included crop failure, general fears of violence, paying taxes, and no money for basic needs. Additional refinements are required for the mental health questionnaire, with strengths and limitations discussed. Such data, while preliminary, augment efforts to analyze the emotional burdens associated with dramatic social change.",
keywords = "Cross-cultural psychiatry, Mental health, Pastoralism, Psychosocial stress, Women's health",
author = "Pike, {Ivy L} and Patil, {Crystal L.}",
year = "2006",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1007/s11013-006-9022-2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "299--330",
journal = "Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry",
issn = "0165-005X",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding women's burdens

T2 - Preliminary findings on psychosocial health among Datoga and Iraqw women of northern Tanzania

AU - Pike, Ivy L

AU - Patil, Crystal L.

PY - 2006/9

Y1 - 2006/9

N2 - This preliminary, community-based study examines major stressors identified by Iraqw and Datoga women of Mbulu District, Tanzania, and describes steps in creating a culturally specific questionnaire to assess mental health burdens. This area of Tanzania is remote, with limited access to goods and services, and is undergoing dramatic social and economic changes. Iraqw and Datoga reside in close proximity and often intermarry but have different cultural and subsistence responses to this rapid social change. Data were collected from May to October 2002, with 49 Datoga women and 64 Iraqw women interviewed. In-home interviews were conducted to have women (1) free-list their primary concerns and (2) answer questions from a translated (in Datoga and Iraqw) and modified standardized mental health questionnaire. Both groups of women identified hunger, the lack of animals, particularly cattle, and health/illnesses as the most common major stressors. Other frequently cited stressors included crop failure, general fears of violence, paying taxes, and no money for basic needs. Additional refinements are required for the mental health questionnaire, with strengths and limitations discussed. Such data, while preliminary, augment efforts to analyze the emotional burdens associated with dramatic social change.

AB - This preliminary, community-based study examines major stressors identified by Iraqw and Datoga women of Mbulu District, Tanzania, and describes steps in creating a culturally specific questionnaire to assess mental health burdens. This area of Tanzania is remote, with limited access to goods and services, and is undergoing dramatic social and economic changes. Iraqw and Datoga reside in close proximity and often intermarry but have different cultural and subsistence responses to this rapid social change. Data were collected from May to October 2002, with 49 Datoga women and 64 Iraqw women interviewed. In-home interviews were conducted to have women (1) free-list their primary concerns and (2) answer questions from a translated (in Datoga and Iraqw) and modified standardized mental health questionnaire. Both groups of women identified hunger, the lack of animals, particularly cattle, and health/illnesses as the most common major stressors. Other frequently cited stressors included crop failure, general fears of violence, paying taxes, and no money for basic needs. Additional refinements are required for the mental health questionnaire, with strengths and limitations discussed. Such data, while preliminary, augment efforts to analyze the emotional burdens associated with dramatic social change.

KW - Cross-cultural psychiatry

KW - Mental health

KW - Pastoralism

KW - Psychosocial stress

KW - Women's health

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33744806691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33744806691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11013-006-9022-2

DO - 10.1007/s11013-006-9022-2

M3 - Article

C2 - 17048095

AN - SCOPUS:33744806691

VL - 30

SP - 299

EP - 330

JO - Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry

JF - Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry

SN - 0165-005X

IS - 3

ER -