Background: A high-fat diet is a risk factor for the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in humans. Deoxycholate (DOC) is increased in the colonic contents in response to a high-fat diet. Thus, an elevated level of DOC in the colonic lumen may play a role in the natural course of development of IBD. Methods: Wild-type B6.129 mice were fed an AIN-93G diet, either supplemented with 0.2% DOC or unsupplemented and sacrificed at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 4 months, and 8 months. Colon samples were assessed by histopathological, immunohistochemical, and cDNA microarray analyses. Results: Mice fed the DOC-supplemented diet developed focal areas of colonic inflammation associated with increases in angiogenesis, nitrosative stress, DNA/RNA damage, and proliferation. Genes that play a central role in inflammation and angiogenesis and other related processes such as epithelial barrier function, oxidative stress, apoptosis, cell proliferation/cell cycle/DNA repair, membrane transport, and the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway showed altered expression in the DOC-fed mice compared with the control mice. Changes in expression of individual genes (increases or reductions) correlated over time. These changes were greatest 1 month after the start of DOC feeding. Conclusions: The results suggest that exposure of the colonic mucosa to DOC may be a key etiologic factor in IBD. The DOC-fed mouse model may reflect the natural course of development of colitis/IBD in humans, and thus may be useful for determining new preventive strategies and lifestyle changes in affected individuals.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Inflammatory bowel diseases|
|State||Published - Apr 2006|
- Bile acids
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy