Schizophrenia is a chronic mental health disorder hallmarked by a variety of symptoms impacting mental state, emotions, and behaviors, including delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior, negative symptoms, and cognitive impairment. Schizophrenia leaves patients with the inability to function appropriately in their daily lives, including at work, in relationships, and even with self-care. The exact cause of this disorder has yet to be elucidated; however, multiple factors, including genetic susceptibility and environmental influences, have been implicated in its development. Patients with schizophrenia frequently demonstrate medication nonadherence and have multiple concurrent comorbidities that lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Schizophrenia is estimated to affect more than 21 million individuals globally, and while many therapies have become available for management, the disorder still presents unique challenges to providers, caregivers, and the healthcare system. Unmet medical needs remain for this complex disease state, and research is ongoing to address these needs and improve the overall health and outcomes of patients living with schizophrenia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy