Unstressed Vowel Reduction Across Majorcan Catalan Dialects: Production and Spoken Word Recognition

Miquel Llompart, Miguel - Simonet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the production and auditory lexical processing of words involved in a patterned phonological alternation in two dialects of Catalan spoken on the island of Majorca, Spain. One of these dialects, that of Palma, merges /ɔ/ and /o/ as [o] in unstressed position, and it maintains /u/ as an independent category, [u]. In the dialect of Sóller, a small village, speakers merge unstressed /ɔ/, /o/, and /u/ to [u]. First, a production study asks whether the discrete, rule-based descriptions of the vowel alternations provided in the dialectological literature are able to account adequately for these processes: are mergers complete? Results show that mergers are complete with regards to the main acoustic cue to these vowel contrasts, that is, F1. However, minor differences are maintained for F2 and vowel duration. Second, a lexical decision task using cross-modal priming investigates the strength with which words produced in the phonetic form of the neighboring (versus one’s own) dialect activate the listeners’ lexical representations during spoken word recognition: are words within and across dialects accessed efficiently? The study finds that listeners from one of these dialects, Sóller, process their own and the neighboring forms equally efficiently, while listeners from the other one, Palma, process their own forms more efficiently than those of the neighboring dialect. This study has implications for our understanding of the role of lifelong linguistic experience on speech performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-465
Number of pages36
JournalLanguage and Speech
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Fingerprint

Cross-Priming
Word Processing
Phonetics
Linguistics
dialect
Islands
Acoustics
Spain
Cues
listener
merger
Recognition (Psychology)
Listeners
Unstressed Vowel
Spoken Word Recognition
Vowel Reduction
phonetics
acoustics
village
Mergers

Keywords

  • acoustic phonetics
  • Catalan dialects
  • cross-modal priming
  • incomplete neutralization
  • phonological processing
  • spoken-word recognition
  • Unstressed vowel reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Unstressed Vowel Reduction Across Majorcan Catalan Dialects : Production and Spoken Word Recognition. / Llompart, Miquel; Simonet, Miguel -.

In: Language and Speech, Vol. 61, No. 3, 01.09.2018, p. 430-465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{10b4154440ee4013a8c455ac4386e218,
title = "Unstressed Vowel Reduction Across Majorcan Catalan Dialects: Production and Spoken Word Recognition",
abstract = "This study investigates the production and auditory lexical processing of words involved in a patterned phonological alternation in two dialects of Catalan spoken on the island of Majorca, Spain. One of these dialects, that of Palma, merges /ɔ/ and /o/ as [o] in unstressed position, and it maintains /u/ as an independent category, [u]. In the dialect of S{\'o}ller, a small village, speakers merge unstressed /ɔ/, /o/, and /u/ to [u]. First, a production study asks whether the discrete, rule-based descriptions of the vowel alternations provided in the dialectological literature are able to account adequately for these processes: are mergers complete? Results show that mergers are complete with regards to the main acoustic cue to these vowel contrasts, that is, F1. However, minor differences are maintained for F2 and vowel duration. Second, a lexical decision task using cross-modal priming investigates the strength with which words produced in the phonetic form of the neighboring (versus one’s own) dialect activate the listeners’ lexical representations during spoken word recognition: are words within and across dialects accessed efficiently? The study finds that listeners from one of these dialects, S{\'o}ller, process their own and the neighboring forms equally efficiently, while listeners from the other one, Palma, process their own forms more efficiently than those of the neighboring dialect. This study has implications for our understanding of the role of lifelong linguistic experience on speech performance.",
keywords = "acoustic phonetics, Catalan dialects, cross-modal priming, incomplete neutralization, phonological processing, spoken-word recognition, Unstressed vowel reduction",
author = "Miquel Llompart and Simonet, {Miguel -}",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0023830917736019",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "61",
pages = "430--465",
journal = "Language and Speech",
issn = "0023-8309",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Unstressed Vowel Reduction Across Majorcan Catalan Dialects

T2 - Production and Spoken Word Recognition

AU - Llompart, Miquel

AU - Simonet, Miguel -

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - This study investigates the production and auditory lexical processing of words involved in a patterned phonological alternation in two dialects of Catalan spoken on the island of Majorca, Spain. One of these dialects, that of Palma, merges /ɔ/ and /o/ as [o] in unstressed position, and it maintains /u/ as an independent category, [u]. In the dialect of Sóller, a small village, speakers merge unstressed /ɔ/, /o/, and /u/ to [u]. First, a production study asks whether the discrete, rule-based descriptions of the vowel alternations provided in the dialectological literature are able to account adequately for these processes: are mergers complete? Results show that mergers are complete with regards to the main acoustic cue to these vowel contrasts, that is, F1. However, minor differences are maintained for F2 and vowel duration. Second, a lexical decision task using cross-modal priming investigates the strength with which words produced in the phonetic form of the neighboring (versus one’s own) dialect activate the listeners’ lexical representations during spoken word recognition: are words within and across dialects accessed efficiently? The study finds that listeners from one of these dialects, Sóller, process their own and the neighboring forms equally efficiently, while listeners from the other one, Palma, process their own forms more efficiently than those of the neighboring dialect. This study has implications for our understanding of the role of lifelong linguistic experience on speech performance.

AB - This study investigates the production and auditory lexical processing of words involved in a patterned phonological alternation in two dialects of Catalan spoken on the island of Majorca, Spain. One of these dialects, that of Palma, merges /ɔ/ and /o/ as [o] in unstressed position, and it maintains /u/ as an independent category, [u]. In the dialect of Sóller, a small village, speakers merge unstressed /ɔ/, /o/, and /u/ to [u]. First, a production study asks whether the discrete, rule-based descriptions of the vowel alternations provided in the dialectological literature are able to account adequately for these processes: are mergers complete? Results show that mergers are complete with regards to the main acoustic cue to these vowel contrasts, that is, F1. However, minor differences are maintained for F2 and vowel duration. Second, a lexical decision task using cross-modal priming investigates the strength with which words produced in the phonetic form of the neighboring (versus one’s own) dialect activate the listeners’ lexical representations during spoken word recognition: are words within and across dialects accessed efficiently? The study finds that listeners from one of these dialects, Sóller, process their own and the neighboring forms equally efficiently, while listeners from the other one, Palma, process their own forms more efficiently than those of the neighboring dialect. This study has implications for our understanding of the role of lifelong linguistic experience on speech performance.

KW - acoustic phonetics

KW - Catalan dialects

KW - cross-modal priming

KW - incomplete neutralization

KW - phonological processing

KW - spoken-word recognition

KW - Unstressed vowel reduction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85039746569&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85039746569&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0023830917736019

DO - 10.1177/0023830917736019

M3 - Article

C2 - 29058989

AN - SCOPUS:85039746569

VL - 61

SP - 430

EP - 465

JO - Language and Speech

JF - Language and Speech

SN - 0023-8309

IS - 3

ER -