Unveiling a population of agns not detected in x-rays

J. L. Donley, George H. Rieke, J. R. Rigby, P. G. Pérez-González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We define a sample of 27 radio-excess AGNs in the Chandra Deep Field-North by selecting galaxies that do not obey the radio/infrared correlation for radio-quiet AGNs and star-forming galaxies. Approximately 60% of these radio-excess AGNs are undetected in X-rays in the 2 Ms Chandra catalog, even at exposures of ≥1 Ms; 25% lack even 2 σ X-ray detections. The absorbing columns to the faint objects detected in X-rays are 1022 cm -2 < NH < 1024 cm-2; i.e., they are obscured but unlikely to be Compton-thick. Using a local sample of radio-selected AGNs, we show that a low ratio of X-ray to radio emission, as seen in the samples of AGNs weakly detected and undetected in X-rays, is correlated with the viewing angle of the central engine and therefore with obscuration. Our technique can explore the proportion of obscured AGNs in the distant universe; the results reported here for radio-excess objects are consistent with, but at the low end of, the overall theoretical predictions for Compton-thick objects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-182
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume634
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2005

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radio
x rays
galaxies
faint objects
occultation
radio emission
catalogs
engines
proportion
universe
stars
engine
predictions
prediction

Keywords

  • Galaxies: active
  • Radio continuum: galaxies
  • X-rays: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Donley, J. L., Rieke, G. H., Rigby, J. R., & Pérez-González, P. G. (2005). Unveiling a population of agns not detected in x-rays. Astrophysical Journal, 634(1 I), 169-182. https://doi.org/10.1086/491668

Unveiling a population of agns not detected in x-rays. / Donley, J. L.; Rieke, George H.; Rigby, J. R.; Pérez-González, P. G.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 634, No. 1 I, 20.11.2005, p. 169-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Donley, JL, Rieke, GH, Rigby, JR & Pérez-González, PG 2005, 'Unveiling a population of agns not detected in x-rays', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 634, no. 1 I, pp. 169-182. https://doi.org/10.1086/491668
Donley JL, Rieke GH, Rigby JR, Pérez-González PG. Unveiling a population of agns not detected in x-rays. Astrophysical Journal. 2005 Nov 20;634(1 I):169-182. https://doi.org/10.1086/491668
Donley, J. L. ; Rieke, George H. ; Rigby, J. R. ; Pérez-González, P. G. / Unveiling a population of agns not detected in x-rays. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2005 ; Vol. 634, No. 1 I. pp. 169-182.
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