Use of imaging software for assessment of the associations among zona pellucida thickness variation, assisted hatching, and implantation of day 3 embryos

Erin I. Lewis, Reza Farhadifar, Leslie V. Farland, Daniel J. Needleman, Stacey A. Missmer, Catherine Racowsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine if zona pellucida thickness variation (ZPTV) is associated with implantation and if this relationship changes with use of assisted hatching (AH). Methods: Day 3 embryos from single or double embryo transfers (DETs) performed between 2014 and 2016 were included. ZPTV was assessed by examining photographs taken before transfer using an automated image processing platform to segment the zona pellucida (ZP) with an active contour technique. One hundred points were obtained of ZP thickness (ZPT) of each embryo to calculate ZPTV ([maximum ZPT–mean ZPT]/mean ZPT). Logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of implantation by tertile of ZPTV. Maternal age and AH were adjusted for a priori. Other cycle and embryo characteristics were adjusted for if they altered the continuous effect estimate by >10%. Results: There was no statistically significant association between ZPTV and implantation across tertiles although embryos with greater ZPTV showed a trend of decreased implantation (Tertile 2 (T2) versus Tertile 1 (T1), OR = 0.80, CI = 0.50–1.28; Tertile 3 (T3) versus Tertile 1 (T3), OR = 0.75, CI = 0.47–1.20). While similar nonsignificant trends for the association between ZPTV and implantation were observed across tertiles after stratification of embryos hatched or not, embryos with the greatest ZPTV had slightly higher odds for implantation when AH was utilized (T3 vs. T1: with AH, OR = 0.89, CI = 0.49–1.62; without AH, OR = 0.61, 0.29–1.27). Conclusion: ZPTV was not associated with implantation after day 3 transfer. This finding did not vary by use of AH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1261-1269
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Volume34
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Assisted hatching
  • Cleavage stage
  • Implantation rate
  • Zona hardening
  • Zona pellucida thickness
  • Zona pellucida thickness variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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