Use of provider-based complementary and alternative medicine by adult smokers in the United States: Comparison from the 2002 and 2007 NHIS survey

Eric Hamm, Myra L Muramoto, Amy Howerter, Lysbeth Floden, Lubna Govindarajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Subjects. A total of 54,437 (31,044 from 2002; 23,393 from 2007) adults 18 years and older.

Measures. The analysis focuses on 10 types of pbCAM, including acupuncture, Ayurveda, biofeedback, chelation therapy, chiropractic care, energy therapy, folk medicine, hypnosis, massage, and naturopathy.

Analysis. The proportions of current smokers using any pbCAM as well as specific types of pbCAM in 2002 and 2007 are compared using SAS SURVEYLOGISTIC.

Results. Between 2002 and 2007, the percentage of recent users of any pbCAM therapy increased from 12.5% to 15.4% (p = .001). The largest increases occurred in massage, chiropractic, and acupuncture. Despite a decrease in the national average of current smokers (22.0% to 19.4%; p = .001), proportions of smokers within specific pbCAM disciplines remained consistent.

Conclusion. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners, particularly those in chiropractic, acupuncture, and massage, represent new cohorts in the health care community to promote tobacco cessation. There is an opportunity to provide brief tobacco intervention training to CAM practitioners and engage them in public health efforts to reduce the burden of tobacco use in the United States. (Am J Health Promot 2014;29[2]:127-131.).

Purpose. To provide a snapshot of provider-based complementary and alternative medicine (pbCAM) use among adult smokers and assess the opportunity for these providers to deliver tobacco cessation interventions.

Design. Cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2002 and 2007 National Health Interview Surveys.

Setting. Nationally representative sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-131
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

Fingerprint

alternative medicine
Complementary Therapies
acupuncture
nicotine
Chiropractic
naturopathy
Massage
Acupuncture
hypnosis
ethnomedicine
Tobacco Use Cessation
Surveys and Questionnaires
health
public health
Naturopathy
health care
energy
Chelation Therapy
Hypnosis
interview

Keywords

  • Acupuncture
  • Chiropractic
  • Health focus: smoking control
  • Massage
  • Outcome measure: behavioral
  • Policy
  • Prevention research. manuscript format: research
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Research purpose: descriptive
  • Setting: national
  • Smoking
  • Strategy: skill building/behavior change
  • Study design: nonexperimental
  • Target population circumstances: education/ income level
  • Target population: Adults
  • Tobacco use cessation
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Use of provider-based complementary and alternative medicine by adult smokers in the United States : Comparison from the 2002 and 2007 NHIS survey. / Hamm, Eric; Muramoto, Myra L; Howerter, Amy; Floden, Lysbeth; Govindarajan, Lubna.

In: American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 29, No. 2, 01.11.2014, p. 127-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{73627c63d6574684b568e4c356f9dbbf,
title = "Use of provider-based complementary and alternative medicine by adult smokers in the United States: Comparison from the 2002 and 2007 NHIS survey",
abstract = "Subjects. A total of 54,437 (31,044 from 2002; 23,393 from 2007) adults 18 years and older.Measures. The analysis focuses on 10 types of pbCAM, including acupuncture, Ayurveda, biofeedback, chelation therapy, chiropractic care, energy therapy, folk medicine, hypnosis, massage, and naturopathy.Analysis. The proportions of current smokers using any pbCAM as well as specific types of pbCAM in 2002 and 2007 are compared using SAS SURVEYLOGISTIC.Results. Between 2002 and 2007, the percentage of recent users of any pbCAM therapy increased from 12.5{\%} to 15.4{\%} (p = .001). The largest increases occurred in massage, chiropractic, and acupuncture. Despite a decrease in the national average of current smokers (22.0{\%} to 19.4{\%}; p = .001), proportions of smokers within specific pbCAM disciplines remained consistent.Conclusion. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners, particularly those in chiropractic, acupuncture, and massage, represent new cohorts in the health care community to promote tobacco cessation. There is an opportunity to provide brief tobacco intervention training to CAM practitioners and engage them in public health efforts to reduce the burden of tobacco use in the United States. (Am J Health Promot 2014;29[2]:127-131.).Purpose. To provide a snapshot of provider-based complementary and alternative medicine (pbCAM) use among adult smokers and assess the opportunity for these providers to deliver tobacco cessation interventions.Design. Cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2002 and 2007 National Health Interview Surveys.Setting. Nationally representative sample.",
keywords = "Acupuncture, Chiropractic, Health focus: smoking control, Massage, Outcome measure: behavioral, Policy, Prevention research. manuscript format: research, Race/ethnicity, Research purpose: descriptive, Setting: national, Smoking, Strategy: skill building/behavior change, Study design: nonexperimental, Target population circumstances: education/ income level, Target population: Adults, Tobacco use cessation, Training",
author = "Eric Hamm and Muramoto, {Myra L} and Amy Howerter and Lysbeth Floden and Lubna Govindarajan",
year = "2014",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4278/ajhp.121116-QUAN-559",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "127--131",
journal = "American Journal of Health Promotion",
issn = "0890-1171",
publisher = "American Journal of Health Promotion",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of provider-based complementary and alternative medicine by adult smokers in the United States

T2 - Comparison from the 2002 and 2007 NHIS survey

AU - Hamm, Eric

AU - Muramoto, Myra L

AU - Howerter, Amy

AU - Floden, Lysbeth

AU - Govindarajan, Lubna

PY - 2014/11/1

Y1 - 2014/11/1

N2 - Subjects. A total of 54,437 (31,044 from 2002; 23,393 from 2007) adults 18 years and older.Measures. The analysis focuses on 10 types of pbCAM, including acupuncture, Ayurveda, biofeedback, chelation therapy, chiropractic care, energy therapy, folk medicine, hypnosis, massage, and naturopathy.Analysis. The proportions of current smokers using any pbCAM as well as specific types of pbCAM in 2002 and 2007 are compared using SAS SURVEYLOGISTIC.Results. Between 2002 and 2007, the percentage of recent users of any pbCAM therapy increased from 12.5% to 15.4% (p = .001). The largest increases occurred in massage, chiropractic, and acupuncture. Despite a decrease in the national average of current smokers (22.0% to 19.4%; p = .001), proportions of smokers within specific pbCAM disciplines remained consistent.Conclusion. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners, particularly those in chiropractic, acupuncture, and massage, represent new cohorts in the health care community to promote tobacco cessation. There is an opportunity to provide brief tobacco intervention training to CAM practitioners and engage them in public health efforts to reduce the burden of tobacco use in the United States. (Am J Health Promot 2014;29[2]:127-131.).Purpose. To provide a snapshot of provider-based complementary and alternative medicine (pbCAM) use among adult smokers and assess the opportunity for these providers to deliver tobacco cessation interventions.Design. Cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2002 and 2007 National Health Interview Surveys.Setting. Nationally representative sample.

AB - Subjects. A total of 54,437 (31,044 from 2002; 23,393 from 2007) adults 18 years and older.Measures. The analysis focuses on 10 types of pbCAM, including acupuncture, Ayurveda, biofeedback, chelation therapy, chiropractic care, energy therapy, folk medicine, hypnosis, massage, and naturopathy.Analysis. The proportions of current smokers using any pbCAM as well as specific types of pbCAM in 2002 and 2007 are compared using SAS SURVEYLOGISTIC.Results. Between 2002 and 2007, the percentage of recent users of any pbCAM therapy increased from 12.5% to 15.4% (p = .001). The largest increases occurred in massage, chiropractic, and acupuncture. Despite a decrease in the national average of current smokers (22.0% to 19.4%; p = .001), proportions of smokers within specific pbCAM disciplines remained consistent.Conclusion. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners, particularly those in chiropractic, acupuncture, and massage, represent new cohorts in the health care community to promote tobacco cessation. There is an opportunity to provide brief tobacco intervention training to CAM practitioners and engage them in public health efforts to reduce the burden of tobacco use in the United States. (Am J Health Promot 2014;29[2]:127-131.).Purpose. To provide a snapshot of provider-based complementary and alternative medicine (pbCAM) use among adult smokers and assess the opportunity for these providers to deliver tobacco cessation interventions.Design. Cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2002 and 2007 National Health Interview Surveys.Setting. Nationally representative sample.

KW - Acupuncture

KW - Chiropractic

KW - Health focus: smoking control

KW - Massage

KW - Outcome measure: behavioral

KW - Policy

KW - Prevention research. manuscript format: research

KW - Race/ethnicity

KW - Research purpose: descriptive

KW - Setting: national

KW - Smoking

KW - Strategy: skill building/behavior change

KW - Study design: nonexperimental

KW - Target population circumstances: education/ income level

KW - Target population: Adults

KW - Tobacco use cessation

KW - Training

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84910033153&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84910033153&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4278/ajhp.121116-QUAN-559

DO - 10.4278/ajhp.121116-QUAN-559

M3 - Article

C2 - 24359177

AN - SCOPUS:84910033153

VL - 29

SP - 127

EP - 131

JO - American Journal of Health Promotion

JF - American Journal of Health Promotion

SN - 0890-1171

IS - 2

ER -