Using historical biogeography to test for community saturation

Nelsy Rocío Pinto-Sánchez, Andrew J. Crawford, John J Wiens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Saturation is the idea that a community is effectively filled with species, such that no more can be added without extinctions. This concept has important implications for many areas of ecology, such as species richness, community assembly, invasive species and climate change. Here, we illustrate how biogeography can be used to test for community saturation, when combined with data on local species richness, phylogeny and climate. We focus on a clade of frogs (Terrarana) and the impact of the Great American Biotic Interchange on patterns of local richness in Lower Middle America and adjacent regions. We analyse data on species richness at 83 sites and a time-calibrated phylogeny for 363 species. We find no evidence for saturation, and show instead that biotic interchange dramatically increased local richness in the region. We suggest that historical biogeography offers thousands of similar long-term natural experiments that can be used to test for saturation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1077-1085
Number of pages9
JournalEcology Letters
Volume17
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

biogeography
saturation
species diversity
species richness
phylogeny
testing
invasive species
frogs
extinction
climate change
frog
climate
ecology
test
experiment

Keywords

  • Amphibians
  • Biogeography
  • Community assembly
  • Dispersal
  • Great American Biotic Interchange
  • Local richness
  • Phylogeny
  • Saturation
  • Terrarana

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Using historical biogeography to test for community saturation. / Pinto-Sánchez, Nelsy Rocío; Crawford, Andrew J.; Wiens, John J.

In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 17, No. 9, 2014, p. 1077-1085.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pinto-Sánchez, Nelsy Rocío ; Crawford, Andrew J. ; Wiens, John J. / Using historical biogeography to test for community saturation. In: Ecology Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 17, No. 9. pp. 1077-1085.
@article{664fc0e00e184bc984dc7d504d796cca,
title = "Using historical biogeography to test for community saturation",
abstract = "Saturation is the idea that a community is effectively filled with species, such that no more can be added without extinctions. This concept has important implications for many areas of ecology, such as species richness, community assembly, invasive species and climate change. Here, we illustrate how biogeography can be used to test for community saturation, when combined with data on local species richness, phylogeny and climate. We focus on a clade of frogs (Terrarana) and the impact of the Great American Biotic Interchange on patterns of local richness in Lower Middle America and adjacent regions. We analyse data on species richness at 83 sites and a time-calibrated phylogeny for 363 species. We find no evidence for saturation, and show instead that biotic interchange dramatically increased local richness in the region. We suggest that historical biogeography offers thousands of similar long-term natural experiments that can be used to test for saturation.",
keywords = "Amphibians, Biogeography, Community assembly, Dispersal, Great American Biotic Interchange, Local richness, Phylogeny, Saturation, Terrarana",
author = "Pinto-S{\'a}nchez, {Nelsy Roc{\'i}o} and Crawford, {Andrew J.} and Wiens, {John J}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1111/ele.12310",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "1077--1085",
journal = "Ecology Letters",
issn = "1461-023X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using historical biogeography to test for community saturation

AU - Pinto-Sánchez, Nelsy Rocío

AU - Crawford, Andrew J.

AU - Wiens, John J

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Saturation is the idea that a community is effectively filled with species, such that no more can be added without extinctions. This concept has important implications for many areas of ecology, such as species richness, community assembly, invasive species and climate change. Here, we illustrate how biogeography can be used to test for community saturation, when combined with data on local species richness, phylogeny and climate. We focus on a clade of frogs (Terrarana) and the impact of the Great American Biotic Interchange on patterns of local richness in Lower Middle America and adjacent regions. We analyse data on species richness at 83 sites and a time-calibrated phylogeny for 363 species. We find no evidence for saturation, and show instead that biotic interchange dramatically increased local richness in the region. We suggest that historical biogeography offers thousands of similar long-term natural experiments that can be used to test for saturation.

AB - Saturation is the idea that a community is effectively filled with species, such that no more can be added without extinctions. This concept has important implications for many areas of ecology, such as species richness, community assembly, invasive species and climate change. Here, we illustrate how biogeography can be used to test for community saturation, when combined with data on local species richness, phylogeny and climate. We focus on a clade of frogs (Terrarana) and the impact of the Great American Biotic Interchange on patterns of local richness in Lower Middle America and adjacent regions. We analyse data on species richness at 83 sites and a time-calibrated phylogeny for 363 species. We find no evidence for saturation, and show instead that biotic interchange dramatically increased local richness in the region. We suggest that historical biogeography offers thousands of similar long-term natural experiments that can be used to test for saturation.

KW - Amphibians

KW - Biogeography

KW - Community assembly

KW - Dispersal

KW - Great American Biotic Interchange

KW - Local richness

KW - Phylogeny

KW - Saturation

KW - Terrarana

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84905229538&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84905229538&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/ele.12310

DO - 10.1111/ele.12310

M3 - Article

C2 - 24920382

AN - SCOPUS:84905229538

VL - 17

SP - 1077

EP - 1085

JO - Ecology Letters

JF - Ecology Letters

SN - 1461-023X

IS - 9

ER -