UV-patternable inorganic-organic hybrid materials tailored for use in electro-optic modulators

Roland Himmelhuber, Christopher C. DeRose, Robert A Norwood, Nasser N Peyghambarian

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Passive sol-gel materials play an important role in the development of electro-optic(EO) polymer-based modulators, because of their variety of available refractive indices. They can be used to form passive waveguide transitions to minimize coupling loss or as cladding layers for the EO polymer. The demands for these two applications are different. For waveguide transitions the most important factor is the optical loss. Cladding layers should have a relatively high conductivity at elevated temperatures to improve poling efficiency. Both demands are addressed in this study. The synthesis of low loss (down to 0.45 dB/cm) sol-gel materials is shown. Slab waveguides as well as ridge waveguides were fabricated and characterized by liquid prism measurements and cut-back loss measurements, respectively. For use in cladding layers surrounding the EO polymer, materials with higher conductivity were developed. The conductivity of the materials was increased, (3.10-9 S/m) through the use of a silane, which allows in situ formation of proton donating functionalities. All developed materials can be used as solvent free resins, which enables classic photolithography as well as patterning by UV-imprinting. The available refractive index range (at 1.55 μm) is from 1.495 to 1.562.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume7049
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
EventLinear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials VIII - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 12 2008Aug 14 2008

Other

OtherLinear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials VIII
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/12/088/14/08

Fingerprint

Electro-optic Modulator
Hybrid materials
Electrooptical effects
Modulators
electro-optics
modulators
Electro-optics
Waveguide
waveguides
Conductivity
Polymers
Waveguides
Sol-gel
conductivity
polymers
Refractive Index
Sol-gels
gels
refractivity
Refractive index

Keywords

  • Conductivity
  • Low loss
  • Polymer modulator
  • Sol-gel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Himmelhuber, R., DeRose, C. C., Norwood, R. A., & Peyghambarian, N. N. (2008). UV-patternable inorganic-organic hybrid materials tailored for use in electro-optic modulators. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 7049). [70490G] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.797544

UV-patternable inorganic-organic hybrid materials tailored for use in electro-optic modulators. / Himmelhuber, Roland; DeRose, Christopher C.; Norwood, Robert A; Peyghambarian, Nasser N.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 7049 2008. 70490G.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Himmelhuber, R, DeRose, CC, Norwood, RA & Peyghambarian, NN 2008, UV-patternable inorganic-organic hybrid materials tailored for use in electro-optic modulators. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 7049, 70490G, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials VIII, San Diego, CA, United States, 8/12/08. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.797544
Himmelhuber R, DeRose CC, Norwood RA, Peyghambarian NN. UV-patternable inorganic-organic hybrid materials tailored for use in electro-optic modulators. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 7049. 2008. 70490G https://doi.org/10.1117/12.797544
Himmelhuber, Roland ; DeRose, Christopher C. ; Norwood, Robert A ; Peyghambarian, Nasser N. / UV-patternable inorganic-organic hybrid materials tailored for use in electro-optic modulators. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 7049 2008.
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