Validation of the Stanford Brief Activity Survey: Examining psychological factors and physical activity levels in older adults

Ruth E. Taylor-Piliae, Joan M. Fair, William L. Haskell, Ann N. Varady, Carlos Iribarren, Mark A. Hlatky, Alan S. Go, Stephen P. Fortmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study examined the construct validity and reliability of the new 2-item Stanford Brief Activity Survey (SBAS). Methods: Secondary analysis was conducted using data collected from the healthy older controls (n = 1023) enrolled in the Atherosclerotic Disease Vascular Function and Genetic Epidemiology (ADVANCE) study. Construct validity was examined by regression analyses to evaluate signifcant trends (P ≤.05) across the SBAS activity categories for the selected psychological health factors measured at baseline and year 2, adjusted for gender, ethnicity and education level. Test-retest reliability was performed using Spearman's rank correlation. Results: At baseline, subjects were 66 ± 2.8 years old, 38% female, 77% married, 61% retired, 24% college graduate, and 68% Caucasian. At baseline, lower self-reported stress, anxiety, depression, and cynical distrust, and higher self-reported mental and physical well-being were significantly associated with higher levels of physical activity (p trend ≤ 0.01). These associations held at year 2. The test-retest reliability of the SBAS was statistically significant (rs= 0.62, P <.001). Conclusion: These results provide evidence of the construct validity and reliability of the SBAS in older adults. We also found a strong dose-response relationship between regular physical activity and psychological health in older adults, independent of gender, education level and ethnicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-94
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Instrument psychometrics
  • Older adults
  • Physical activity assessment
  • Psychological health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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