VAMPIRES: Probing the innermost regions of protoplanetary systems with polarimetric aperture-masking

Barnaby R M Norris, Peter G. Tuthill, Nemanja Jovanovic, Guillaume Schworer, Olivier Guyon, Frantz Martinache, Paul N. Stewart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


VAMPIRES is a high-angular resolution imager developed to directly image planet-forming circumstellar disks, and the signatures of forming planets that lie within. The instrument leverages aperture masking interferometry - providing diffraction-limited imaging despite seeing - in combination with fast-switching differential polarimetry to directly image structure in the inner-most regions of protoplanetary systems. VAMPIRES will use starlight scattered by dust in such systems to precisely map the disk, gaps, knots and waves that are key to understanding disk evolution and planet formation. It also promises to image the dusty circumstellar environments of AGB stars. This instrument perfectly compliments coronagraphic observations in the near-IR, and can operate simultaneously with a coronagraph, as part of the SCExAO extreme-AO system at the Subaru telescope. In this paper the design of the instrument will be presented, along with an explanation of the unique data analysis process and the results of the first on-sky tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISBN (Print)9780819496140
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventOptical and Infrared Interferometry IV - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jun 23 2014Jun 27 2014


OtherOptical and Infrared Interferometry IV



  • aperture masking
  • exoplanets
  • Interferometry
  • polarimetry
  • protoplanetary disks
  • Subaru telescope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Norris, B. R. M., Tuthill, P. G., Jovanovic, N., Schworer, G., Guyon, O., Martinache, F., & Stewart, P. N. (2014). VAMPIRES: Probing the innermost regions of protoplanetary systems with polarimetric aperture-masking. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 9146). [91460U] SPIE.