Vertical dipole above a dielectric or metallic half space: Energy-flow considerations

P. R. Berman, S. R. Zandbergen, Galina Khitrova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The emission pattern from a classical dipole located above and oriented perpendicular to a metallic or dielectric half space is calculated for a dipole driven at constant amplitude. Emphasis is placed on the fields in the metal or dielectric. It is shown that the radial Poynting vector in the metal points inwards when the frequency of the dipole is below the surface plasmon resonance frequency. In this case, energy actually flows out of the interface at small radii and the power entering the metal can actually oscillate as a function of radius. The Joule heating in the metal is also calculated for a cylindrical volume in the metal. When the metal is replaced by a dielectric having permittivity less than that of the medium in which the dipole is immersed, it is found that energy flows out of the interface for sufficiently large radii, a result reminiscent of the Goos-Hänchen effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number013203
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume92
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2015

Fingerprint

half spaces
Half-space
Dipole
Metals
Vertical
dipoles
Energy
metals
Radius
radii
energy
Joule Heating
Surface Plasmon
Resonance Frequency
Joule heating
Permittivity
surface plasmon resonance
Perpendicular
permittivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability

Cite this

Vertical dipole above a dielectric or metallic half space : Energy-flow considerations. / Berman, P. R.; Zandbergen, S. R.; Khitrova, Galina.

In: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, Vol. 92, No. 1, 013203, 07.07.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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