Viruses in water

J. L. Melnick, C. P. Gerba, C. Wallis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Attention is drawn in this paper to the increasing problem of viral contamination of water and shellfish, particularly since growing demands for available water resources by a rising world population and expanding industry will make the recycling of wastewater almost inevitable in the future. The problem of eliminating viruses pathogenic for man from water is considered in the light of present water treatment procedures, which are often inadequate for that purpose. Man may be exposed to waterborne viruses through the consumption of contaminated water, shellfish, or crops, as a result of recreational activities involving water, or from aerosols following the spraying of crops with liquid wastes. Physical and chemical methods of eliminating viruses from water are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-508
Number of pages10
JournalBulletin of the World Health Organization
Volume56
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1978
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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  • Cite this

    Melnick, J. L., Gerba, C. P., & Wallis, C. (1978). Viruses in water. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 56(4), 499-508.