To assess mineral metabolism in patients with cystic fibrosis and to study the effects of season and sunlight exposure on generation of vitamin D metabolites, we quantified serum levels of calcidiol and calcitriol, other measures of bone metabolism, and radiographic bone mass in 20 adolescents and young adults with CF and 20 age-matched normal volunteers. Levels of calcidiol were lower in patients with CF than in controls and lower in Massachusetts than in Arizona in both study groups. Controls in Arizona had higher (P<0.05) levels of calcitriol than in Massachusetts throughout the year. All control subjects in both states had higher levels of calcitriol than did patients with CF. Patients in Massachusetts had significantly lower levels of calcitriol in winter than in summer. Summer levels of calcitriol in CF were significantly higher in Massachusetts than in Arizona; during winter, lower levels were found in Massachusetts than in Arizona. Mean bone density in patients with CF was 88% and 89% of normal American standards in Massachusetts and Arizona, respectively. These data indicate a seasonal, sunlight-related influence on levels of vitamin D metabolites in patients with CF receiving approximately 1000 IU vitamin D per day. Older patients with CF with progressively diminishing sunlight exposure may be at increased risk for development of osteopenia. The detected radiographic abnormalities of bone mineralization may also be related to malabsorptive deficiencies of calcium and phosphorus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health