Vitamin D receptor: Molecular signaling and actions of nutritional ligands in disease prevention

Mark R. Haussler, Carol A. Haussler, Leonid Bartik, G. Kerr Whitfield, Jui Cheng Hsieh, Stephanie Slater, Peter W. Jurutka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

206 Scopus citations

Abstract

The human vitamin D receptor (VDR) is a key nuclear receptor that binds nutritionally derived ligands and exerts bioeffects that contribute to bone mineral homeostasis, detoxification of exogenous and endogenous compounds, cancer prevention, and mammalian hair cycling. Liganded VDR modulates gene expression via heterodimerization with the retinoid X receptor and recruitment of coactivators or corepressors. VDR interacts with the corepressor hairless (Hr) to control hair cycling, an action independent of the endocrine VDR ligand, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. We report novel dietary ligands for VDR including curcumin, γ-tocotrienol, and essential fatty acid derivatives that likely play a role in the bioactions of VDR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S98-S112
JournalNutrition reviews
Volume66
Issue numberSUPPL.2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D hormone
  • Bone mineral
  • Colon cancer
  • Hair cycling
  • Phosphorus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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