The incidence of myocardial infarction in patients who have the aquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is increasing. However, no effective therapeutic agents have been discovered to reduce myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in pathologies associated with AIDS. The aim of this study was to determine if infarct size is increased in murine AIDS after I/R injury and if I/R injury could be attenuated with vitamin E supplementation. Three groups of mice were studied: control, murine AIDS, and murine AIDS with vitamin E supplementation. Anesthetized mice were subjected to 30 min of left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion and 120 min of reperfusion. The hearts in mice that had murine AIDS had a larger infarct size compared to controls after I/R injury. Vitamin E supplementation significantly reduced infarct size and inhibited polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) CD11b expression (p < 0.05). However, vitamin E supplementation did not affect PMN reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and platelet CD62p expression. These results suggest that the reduction of myocardial I/R injury with vitamin E supplementation may be the result of the inhibition of PMN CD11b expression. Vitamin E may be a promising prophylactic agent for the reduction of the severity of myocardial I/R injury in patients who have AIDS.
- Ischemia-reperfusion injury
- Murine AIDS
- Vitamin E
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine