Vitamin E supplementation with interferon-γ administration retards immune dysfunction during murine retrovirus infection

J. Y. Wang, B. Liang, R. R. Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Murine retrovirus infection induces loss of vitamin E and immune dysfunction with loss of cytokine production by T-helper cells. Therefore interferon-γ (IFN-γ) was given during dietary vitamin E supplementation to effectively prevent murine retrovirus-induced immunosuppression, cytokine dysregulation, and development of murine AIDS. Administration of IFN-γ during vitamin E supplementation significantly prevented development of retrovirus-induced suppression of splenic natural killer cell activity and T cell proliferation. It also significantly slowed retrovirus-induced elevation of T helper (Th) 2 cytokine [interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-10] production and monokine (IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α) secretion by splenocytes. The treatment also prevented loss of Th1 cytokine (IL-2 and IFN-γ) secretion by splenocytes from retrovirus-infected mice alleviating splenomegaly and hypergammaglobulinemia. The combined therapy had an additive therapeutic impact. It was more effective than IFN-γ treatment or vitamin E supplementation alone in delaying the development of retrovirus-induced immunosuppression with its cytokine dysregulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)698-703
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Keywords

  • Cytokine
  • Immune response
  • Murine AIDS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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