Vitamins and Minerals in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Indiscriminate use of multivitamin/mineral supplements in the general population may be misguided, but patients with chronic Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) should be monitored and compensated for nutritional deficiencies. Mechanistic links between vitamin/mineral deficiencies and IBD pathology has been found for some micronutrients and normalizing their levels is clinically beneficial. Others, like vitamin A, although instinctively desirable, produced disappointing results. Restoring normal levels of the selected micronutrients requires elevated doses to compensate for defects in absorptive or signaling mechanisms. This article describes some aspects of vitamin and mineral deficiencies in IBD, and summarizes pros and cons of supplementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)797-808
Number of pages12
JournalGastroenterology Clinics of North America
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Crohn disease
  • Deficiency
  • Diet
  • Nutrition
  • Supplementation
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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